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STUDY DESIGN Large cohort study of volunteers aged over 50. OBJECTIVE To investigate influence of age and sex on cervical sagittal alignment among volunteers aged over 50. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Few large-scale studies have described normative values in cervical spine alignment regarding age and sex among volunteers aged over 50. METHODS The study(More)
The interleukin (IL)-6 pathway plays an important role in recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI). The anti-IL-6 receptor antibody MR16-1 has been shown to suppress inflammation after SCI and promote recovery of motor function. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of MR16-1 on the expression patterns of phospholipids in the spinal cord in a(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective radiographical analysis using the cranial center of gravity (CCG) of sagittal vertical axis (SVA) in elderly asymptomatic individuals. OBJECTIVE To determine sex differences and age-related correlations of CCG and relationships between CCG and other spinopelvic parameters/health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures. SUMMARY(More)
T1 pelvic angle (TPA) and global tilt (GT) are spinopelvic parameters that account for trunk anteversion and pelvic retroversion. To investigate spinopelvic parameters, especially TPA and GT, in Japanese adults and determine norms for each parameter related to health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Six hundred and fifty-six volunteers (262 men and 394(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective, randomized, controlled study. PURPOSE The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two techniques of skin preparation with povidone-iodine. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE Preoperative skin preparation is important for preventing surgical site infection by reducing the bacteria in the surgical area. Povidone-iodine(More)
A recurrent laryngeal nerve injury is known as a complication referring to an anterior cervical spine surgery. However, hypoglossal nerve injury is not well known yet. Herein we report a rare case of a 39-years-old male with a hypoglossal nerve injury after C3/4 osteophyte resection with Smith-Robinson approach. In this case there appeared difficulties of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case series. PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between tumor location and clinical characteristics. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE Hemangioblastoma is a rare disease that develops in the central nervous system. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful to evaluate hemangioblastomas. Hemangioblastoma's location is designated as(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective study. OBJECT To investigate the rate of lumbosacral junction complication after long corrective spinal fusion for degenerative kyphoscoliosis cases with different lower instrumented vertebra (LIV) of L5, S1 (non-iliac group), and ilium (iliac group). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA In long spinal fusion, high mechanical stress(More)
which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. We are extremely grateful for your interest in our manuscript. The report by Saunders et al. was very helpful. As you indicated, there are reports about hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) after soft tissue surgery of the(More)
Meningioma is typically considered to be a benign tumor. Malignant transformation and metastasis of meningiomas are rare. Moreover, most meningiomas are intracranial, and there are few reports on intraspinal meningiomas. This report aimed to describe the clinical features and pathological findings of a case of malignant transformation and distant metastasis(More)