Hideyo Inouye

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Detailed structural studies of amyloid fibrils can elucidate the way in which their constituent polypeptides are folded and self-assemble, and exert their neurotoxic effects in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have previously reported that when aqueous solutions of the N-terminal hydrophilic peptides of AD beta-amyloid (A beta) are gradually dried in a 2-Tesla(More)
In our accompanying paper (Inouye and Kirschner, 1988) we calculated the surface charge density at the extracellular surfaces in peripheral and central nervous system (PNS; CNS) myelins from observations on the dependency of the width of the extracellular space on pH and ionic strength. Here, we have determined the surface charge density of the membrane(More)
Characterizing the formation, accretion, and stability of myelin during development, maturation, and senescence is important for better understanding critical periods in the function of the nervous system in normal growth and following environmental insult or genetic mutation. Although there are numerous studies on the ultrastructural, biochemical, and(More)
Myelination requires a massive increase in glial cell membrane synthesis. Here, we demonstrate that the acute phase of myelin lipid synthesis is regulated by sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) cleavage activation protein (SCAP), an activator of SREBPs. Deletion of SCAP in Schwann cells led to a loss of SREBP-mediated gene expression involving(More)
Prion protein (PrP) amyloid formation is a central feature of genetic and acquired forms of prion disease such as Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. The major component of GSS amyloid is a PrP fragment spanning residues approximately 82-146. To investigate the determinants of the physicochemical properties of(More)
Peripheral neuropathies often result in abnormalities in the structure of internodal myelin, including changes in period and membrane packing, as observed by electron microscopy (EM). Mutations in the gene that encodes the major adhesive structural protein of internodal myelin in the peripheral nervous system of humans and mice--P0 glycoprotein--correlate(More)
We report the cDNA sequence of the squid kinesin heavy chain and compared the predicted amino acid sequence with that of the Drosophila heavy chain as reported by Yang, J.T., Laymon, R.A., and Goldstein, L.S. B. (1989) Cell 56, 879-889). We compared the two kinesin sequences with regard to the predicted physicochemical parameters of hydrophobicity, charge,(More)
At least nine inherited neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington's, are caused by poly(L-glutamine) (polyGln, polyQ) expansions > 35-40 repeats in widely or ubiquitously expressed proteins. Except for their expansions, these proteins have no sequence homologies, and their functions mostly remain unknown. Although each disease is characterized by a(More)
We have correlated myelin membrane structure with biochemical composition in the CNS and PNS of a phylogenetic series of animals, including elasmobranchs, teleosts, amphibians, and mammals. X-ray diffraction patterns were recorded from freshly dissected, unfixed tissue and used to determine the thicknesses of the liquid bilayer and the widths of the spaces(More)