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Cytotoxic drug-induced nausea and vomiting are the side effects most feared by cancer patients. Emesis is an instinctive defense reaction caused by the somatoautonomic nerve reflex, which is integrated in the medulla oblongata. Emesis caused by cytotoxic drugs such as cisplatin is associated with an increase in the concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine(More)
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the role of nicotine in impairment of spontaneous alternation behavior of juvenile stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP), an animal model of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Spontaneous alternation behavior assessed by a Y-maze task was significantly lower, and total arm(More)
The functional regulation by dopamine (DA) receptors of serotonin (5-HT) release from the rat hippocampus was investigated by use of in vivo microdialysis. Dialysate 5-HT levels were reduced by co-perfusion of 10 μM tetrodotoxin (TTX) and were elicited by K+ (60 and 120 mM) stimulation in a concentration-dependent manner. Local perfusion (10 μM) and(More)
Hepatotoxicity is one of the common side effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We investigated the cytotoxicity of 18 acidic NSAIDs (3 salicylic acids, 3 anthranilic acids, 6 arylacetic acids, 6 arylpropionic acids) to freshly isolated rat hepatocytes as assessed by the NSAID-induced leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in order to(More)
Methylmercury inhibited the fiber outgrowth in chick embryonic sensory ganglia in the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF) by 50% at 2 x 10(-6) M and completely depressed it at 5 x 10(-6) M. Whereas inorganic mercury completely inhibited the fiber outgrowth at 10(-4) M. The possible role of microtubules is discussed.
The effects of aniracetam, a cognition enhancer, on extracellular levels of glutamate (Glu), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and nitric oxide metabolites (NOx) were examined in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the basolateral amygdala (AMG) in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) using in vivo microdialysis. Basal release of Glu, was lower in(More)
  • H Saito
  • 1995
The etiology of diabetic cataract is usually explained by the following process; the conversion of glucose and galactose to polyol by aldose reductase, then the accumulation of polyol in lens, and the opacity of lens. Another explanation is that the hyperoxidation of lens membrane due to an increase of active oxygen and lipid peroxide in lens induces(More)
Continuous production of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) in peripheral vessels has been shown to modulate vascular resistance and blood pressure. NO is also formed in the brain upon activation of glutamate receptors, which are thought to mediate central autonomic reflexes. In the present study we assessed whether NO plays a role in central autonomic(More)