Hidewaki Nakagawa

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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. We sequenced and analyzed the whole genomes of 27 HCCs, 25 of which were associated with hepatitis B or C virus infections, including two sets of multicentric tumors. Although no common somatic mutations were identified in the multicentric tumor pairs, their(More)
BACKGROUND Germ-line mutations in the mismatch-repair genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 lead to the development of the Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer), conferring a strong susceptibility to cancer. We assessed the frequency of such mutations in patients with colorectal cancer and examined strategies for molecular screening to(More)
To identify the genetic susceptibility factor(s) for hepatitis C virus–induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCV-induced HCC), we conducted a genome-wide association study using 432,703 autosomal SNPs in 721 individuals with HCV-induced HCC (cases) and 2,890 HCV-negative controls of Japanese origin. Eight SNPs that showed possible association (P < 1 × 10−5) in(More)
Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies in males throughout the world, and its incidence is increasing in Asian countries. We carried out a genome-wide association study and replication study using 4,584 Japanese men with prostate cancer and 8,801 control subjects. From the thirty-one associated SNPs reported in previous genome-wide(More)
Endometrial cancer is the most common cancer in women with Lynch syndrome. The identification of individuals with Lynch syndrome is desirable because they can benefit from increased cancer surveillance. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and desirability of molecular screening for Lynch syndrome in all endometrial cancer patients.(More)
Hypermethylation of the MLH1 promoter underlies most sporadic colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI). To investigate the role of hypermethylation in the normal colonic mucosa as a possible precursor lesion, we studied 700 bp upstream of MLH1 covering 51 CpG sites. We found partially methylated alleles in 15 of 34 (44%) patients <60 years(More)
APCL, a homologue of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor, can deplete cytoplasmic beta-catenin like APC. However, as its biological function remains unclear, we have been using a yeast two-hybrid system to search for proteins that associate with its carboxyl region. Among several cDNA clones we isolated from a fetal-brain cDNA library as(More)
Liver cancer, which is most often associated with virus infection, is prevalent worldwide, and its underlying etiology and genomic structure are heterogeneous. Here we provide a whole-genome landscape of somatic alterations in 300 liver cancers from Japanese individuals. Our comprehensive analysis identified point mutations, structural variations (STVs),(More)
Prostate cancer often relapses during androgen-depletion therapy, even under conditions in which a drastic reduction of circulating androgens is observed. There is some evidence that androgens remain present in the tissues of hormone-refractory prostate cancers (HRPC), and enzymes involved in the androgen and steroid metabolic pathway are likely to be(More)
P-Cadherin/CDH3 belongs to the family of classic cadherins that are engaged in various cellular activities including motility, invasion, and signaling of tumor cells, in addition to cell adhesion. However, the biological roles of P-cadherin itself are not fully characterized. Based on information derived from a previous genome-wide cDNA microarray analysis(More)