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We investigated and compared the cytotoxicity of 16 reference compounds in four in vitro systems: primary cultured rat hepatocytes, hepatoma HepG2 cell line, non-hepatic HeLa and Balb/c 3T3 cell lines. After 24 hr of exposure to the test compounds, the water-soluble tetrazolium salts WST-1 assay was used as an endpoint to evaluate cytotoxicity.(More)
Modification of the C-2 position of a benzofuran derivative 6 (RO-09-4609), an N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt) inhibitor, has led us to discover antifungal agents that are active in a murine systemic candidiasis model. The drug design is based on the analysis of a crystal structure of a Candida Nmt complex with 2. The optimization has been guided by various(More)
A new series of acid-stable antifungal agents having strong inhibitory activity against Candida albicans N-myristoyltransferase (CaNmt) has been developed starting from acid-unstable benzofuranylmethyl aryl ether 2. The inhibitor design is based on X-ray crystallographic analysis of a CaNmt complex with aryl ether 3. Among the new inhibitors, pyridine(More)
Capecitabine is an oral anticancer prodrug which is converted to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) via 3 enzymatic steps, these being 5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine (5'-DFCR), 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-DFUR), and finally 5-FU by carboxylesterase (CES), cytidine deaminase (CDA), and thymidine phosphorylase (TP), respectively. Because rats, mice and monkeys are used for(More)
The C-4 side chain modification of lead compound 1 has resulted in the identification of a potent and selective Candida albicans N-myristoyltransferase (CaNmt) inhibitor RO-09-4609, which exhibits antifungal activity against C. albicans in vitro. Further modification of its C-2 substituent has led to the discovery of RO-09-4879, which exhibits antifungal(More)
The FGF receptors (FGFR) are tyrosine kinases that are constitutively activated in a subset of tumors by genetic alterations such as gene amplifications, point mutations, or chromosomal translocations/rearrangements. Recently, small-molecule inhibitors that can inhibit the FGFR family as well as the VEGF receptor (VEGFR) or platelet-derived growth factor(More)
Capecitabine is an oral fluoropyrimidine carbamate which is converted to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) via 3 enzymatic step to 5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine (5'-DFCR), 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-DFUR), and finally 5-FU. We performed 4-week toxicity studies of capecitabine (N(4)-pentyloxycarbonyl-5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine), galocitabine(More)
Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt) inhibitors were measured, and a multivariate quantitative structure-pharmacokinetic relationship (QSPKR) model for predicting rat elimination half-life (t(1/2)) values was constructed. One hundred seven benzofuran derivatives have been selected as the data set for QSPKR analysis. The(More)
1. A novel selective anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor, alectinib, has shown remarkable efficacy and safety in patients with ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the potential to inhibit and induce cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms for alectinib and its major metabolite M4. 2. Alectinib(More)
2'-deoxy-2'-methylidenecytidine (DMDC) is a potential anticancer deoxycytidine analog of cytosine arabinoside. Using monkeys, we conducted a 4-week toxicity study with toxicokinetics of DMDC at 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg/day and a dose-regimen study of three different schedules of once-daily administration (5 mg/kg/day) for 1 week every 2 weeks, 2 weeks every 4(More)