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AIM Although computed tomography (CT) signs of ischaemia, including loss of boundary (LOB) between grey matter and white matter and cortical sulcal effacement, in cardiac arrest (CA) survivors are known, their temporal profile and prognostic significance remains unclear; their clarification is necessary. METHODS Brain CT scans were obtained immediately(More)
AIM Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a relatively common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Early identification of SAH-induced OHCA with the use of brain computed tomography (CT) scan obtained immediately after resuscitation may help emergency physicians make therapeutic decision as quickly as they can. METHODS During the 4-year(More)
We report an autopsied 20-year-old man case of intestinal necrosis associated with megacolon from hypoganglionosis, a pseudo-Hirschsprung's disease. The patient had suffered from severe constipation since two years of age, and presented abdominal distention from age ten. Autopsy revealed marked dilatation and necrosis of the entire large intestine. Although(More)
AIM Food asphyxiation is uncommon but unignorable cause of sudden death in the elderly. Several autopsy studies, which identified those at particular risk, have been conducted on the subject. Resuscitation profiles and outcomes of food asphyxiation victims presenting with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) to the emergency department, however, have(More)
Headache is one of the most common manifestations of non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage, which is an uncommon, but not rare, cause of cardiac arrest in adults. History of a sudden headache preceding collapse may be a helpful clue to estimate the cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Medical records of witnessed OHCA patients were reviewed to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia published by the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) and the Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) are applicable to stratifying the mortality risk of patients visiting a tertiary emergency center in Japan. METHODS Patients were categorized into three risk groups (low,(More)
BACKGROUND Sudden loss of consciousness (LOC) and chest pain are common manifestations of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). History of acute pain may be helpful in estimating aetiology and prognosis of OHCA victims. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between acute pain at various locations preceding collapse and outcome. (More)
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