Hideto Nakai

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Complementary DNA clones of prolidase (imidodipeptidase, EC were isolated from human liver and placental cDNA libraries. Two clones named lambda PL21 and lambda PP6 from the liver and placental cDNA libraries, respectively, were analyzed in detail. The first clone, lambda PL21, carried a cDNA insert of 1.7 kilobase pairs and covered all the coding(More)
Three proteins catalyze RNA-primed DNA synthesis on the lagging strand side of the replication fork of bacteriophage T7. Oligoribonucleotides are synthesized by T7 gene 4 protein, which also provides helicase activity. DNA synthesis is catalyzed by gene 5 protein of the phage, and processivity of DNA synthesis is conferred by Escherichia coli thioredoxin, a(More)
Reactions at the replication fork of bacteriophage T7 have been reconstituted in vitro on a preformed replication fork. A minimum of three proteins is required to catalyze leading and lagging strand synthesis. The T7 gene 4 protein, which exists in two forms of molecular weight 56,000 and 63,000, provides helicase and primase activities. A tight complex of(More)
Flowering plants produce multicellular gametophytes through an elaborate regulation of gametogenesis. During female and male gametogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana, sporogenous cells differentiate and undergo meiosis to produce megaspores and microspores, which in turn go through mitosis to develop into multicellular gametophytes. Here we report that the(More)
BACKGROUND DNA polymerase alpha has been studied in considerable detail in yeast and animals. Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal that this enzyme is composed of a heterotetramer and is necessary for replicon initiation and primer synthesis in lagging strand synthesis. In spite of the fact that modes of DNA replication in plants seem to be similar to(More)
In this paper we compare the effect of single-stranded DNA-binding proteins of bacteriophage T7 (gene 2.5 protein) and of Escherichia coli (SSB) at the T7 replication fork. The T7 gene 4 protein acts processively as helicase to promote leading strand synthesis and distributively as primase to initiate lagging strand synthesis by T7 DNA polymerase. On a(More)
Escherichia coli encodes a dGTP triphosphohydrolase (dGTPase) that cleaves dGTP to deoxyguanosine and tripolyphosphate. dGTP is hydrolyzed with a Michaelis constant (Km) of 5 microM and a maximal velocity (Vmax) of 1.8 mumols/min/mg. The ribonucleotide GTP is a poor substrate with a much lower affinity. It is hydrolyzed with a Km of 150 microM and Vmax of(More)
The variants of the hypoxia-inducible factor-3α gene HIF-3α and NEPAS are known to repress the transcriptional activities driven by HIF-1α and HIF-2α. Although NEPAS has been shown to play an important role in vascular remodeling during lung development, little is known about the roles of HIF-3α in adult lung function. Here, we examined pulmonary(More)
Gene 4 protein and DNA polymerase of bacteriophage T7 catalyze RNA-primed DNA synthesis on single-stranded DNA templates. T7 DNA polymerase exhibits an affinity for both gene 4 protein and single-stranded DNA, and gene 4 protein binds stably to single-stranded DNA in the presence of dTTP (Nakai, H. and Richardson, C. C. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261,(More)
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