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Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) is an inhibitory receptor and plays an important role in the regulation of αβ T cells. Little is known, however, about the role of PD-1 in γδ T cells. In this study, we investigated the expression and function of PD-1 in human γδ T cells. Expression of PD-1 was rapidly induced in primary γδ T cells following antigenic… (More)
The sequential transformation of arynes into ortho-disubstituted arenes is achieved by a one-pot procedure using formamides and dialkylzincs. This reaction proceeded via a route involving the trapping reaction of the formal [2 + 2] cycloaddition adducts or quinone methides generated by the insertion of arynes into the C=O bond of amides.
Tandem radical addition-cyclization of oxime ethers anchored to polymer support was studied. The reaction of oxime ethers with stannyl radical proceeded effectively by the use of triethylborane as a radical initiator. The alkyl radical addition-cyclization reactions of oxime ether connected with alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group proceeded under iodine… (More)
[reaction: see text] The intermolecular alkyl radical addition to imine derivatives was studied in aqueous media by using indium as a single-electron-transfer radical initiator. The one-pot reaction based on radical addition to glyoxylic hydrazone provided a convenient method for preparing the alpha-amino acids. The indium-mediated radical addition to an… (More)
Bifunctional thiourea 1a catalyzes aza-Henry reaction of nitroalkanes with N-Boc-imines to give syn-beta-nitroamines with good to high diastereo- and enantioselectivity. Apart from the catalyst, the reaction requires no additional reagents such as a Lewis acid or a Lewis base. The N-protecting groups of the imines have a determining effect on the chirality… (More)
Synthesis of dihydrobenzofurans was achieved by a route involving the insertion of arynes into formamides followed by trapping with zinc enolates of α-chlorinated methines. Benzofurans were generated from dihydrobenzofurans having a ketone group via the addition of an ethyl anion, the retro-aldol type reaction, and the elimination of an amino group.
The domino three-component coupling reaction of arynes with DMF and active methylenes or methines was studied as a highly efficient method for preparing heterocycles. Coumarin derivative 5 was formed when diethyl malonate (2) or α-bromomalonate (3) were used as a C2-unit. In contrast, dihydrobenzofurans 7a and 7b were obtained by using α-chloroenolates… (More)
The diastereoselective alkyl radical addition to chiral oxime ethers was studied with a view to preparing enantiomerically pure alpha,beta-dialkyl-beta-amino acid derivatives. The phase transfer-catalyzed alkylation of Oppolzer's camphorsultam derivative of oxime ether proceeded smoothly to give the alkylated N-(beta-oximino)acyl derivatives. In the… (More)