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The mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular-signal regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) cascade is an important contributor to synaptic plasticity that underlies learning and memory. ERK activation by the MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK) leading to cyclic-AMP response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation is implicated in the formation of long-term memory. We(More)
Female mice which have mated and are subsequently exposed to the odour (pheromones) of a strange male undergo hormonal changes resulting in a block to their pregnancy. The fact that the stud male's odours can also block pregnancies, that is other than his own, implies the formation of a memory or some form of recognition process by the female for this(More)
The SNAP receptor (SNARE) complex is a core complex specialized for synaptic vesicle exocytosis, and the binding of SNAPs to the complex is an essential step for neurotransmitter release. Complexin I and II have been identified as SNARE-complex-associated proteins. Importantly, complexins compete with alpha-SNAP for binding to the complex, suggesting that(More)
The effects of electrical stimulation of the hypothalamus paraventricular nucleus on the spontaneous firing of mitral and granule cells in the main olfactory bulb were examined in ovariectomized female rats under urethane anaesthesia. High-frequency stimulation (0.5-1.0 mA, 10-20 pulses at 100 Hz) of the paraventricular nucleus produced inhibitory responses(More)
Expanding on research showing that oxytocin originating in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus acts to decrease olfactory processing at the level of the olfactory bulb, we explored the importance of oxytocin acting on the olfactory bulb for the onset of maternal behaviour in Wistar rats. Experiment I was designed to test whether spontaneous maternal(More)
When female mice are mated, they form a memory to the pheromonal signal of their male partner. Several lines of evidence indicate that the neural changes underlying this memory occur in the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) at the first stage of the vomeronasal system. The formation of this memory depends on the mating-induced release of noradrenaline in the(More)
Field potentials evoked in the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) of the mouse by a vomeronasal organ (VNO) volley were analyzed with current source-density (CSD) techniques. The potentials were recorded with an electrode oriented in the direction perpendicular to the laminae of the centre of the AOB in five tracks of equal spatial lattice for identical(More)
An electrophysiological study was performed with mice lacking complexin II, a presynaptic protein. The long-term potentiation (LTP) by high-frequency stimulation, recorded in the hippocampal CA1 area, was decreased in complexin II-lacking mice (CPXII KO mice). The overall postsynaptic currents elicited by low frequency stimulation on the Schaffer(More)
Our electrophysiological experiments in female mice have provided evidence that electrical stimulation of the accessory olfactory bulb orthodromically excites a subpopulation of tuberoinfundibular arcuate neurons by way of the amygdala. The present study shows that half of such neurons are identified as dopaminergic by examining the effectiveness of(More)