Hideto Hoshino

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Members of the small Maf family (MafK, MafF, and MafG) are basic region leucine zipper (bZip) proteins that can function as transcriptional activators or repressors. The dimer compositions of their DNA binding forms determine whether the small Maf family proteins activate or repress transcription. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen with a GAL4-MafK fusion(More)
Bach2 is a B-cell- and neuron-specific transcription repressor that forms heterodimers with the Maf-related oncoproteins. We show here that Bach2 activates transcription by interacting with its novel partner MAZR. MAZR was isolated by the yeast two-hybrid screen using the BTB/POZ domain of Bach2 as bait. Besides the BTB/POZ domain, MAZR possesses Zn finger(More)
Activated B cells differentiate to plasma cells to secrete IgM or, after undergoing class switch recombination (CSR), to secrete other classes of immunoglobulins. Diversification of antibody function by CSR is important for humoral immunity. However, it remains unclear how the decision for the bifurcation is made. Bach2 is a B-cell-specific transcription(More)
Taking advantage of the phenomenon of bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET), we developed a bioluminescent probe composed of EYFP and Renilla reniformis luciferase (RLuc)--BRET-based autoilluminated fluorescent protein on EYFP (BAF-Y)--for near-real-time single-cell imaging. We show that BAF-Y exhibits enhanced RLuc luminescence intensity and(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that gene expression is regulated not only by the interaction between transcription factors and DNA but also by the higher-order architecture of the cell nucleus. PML bodies are one of the most prominent nuclear substructures which have been implicated in transcription regulation during apoptosis and stress responses. Bach2(More)
Bach2 is a member of the BTB-basic region leucine zipper factor family and represses transcription activity directed by the TPA response element, the Maf recognition element (MARE) and the antioxidant-responsive element. Recently, it was reported that upon oxidative stress Bach2 forms nuclear foci surrounding the promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) bodies and(More)
We developed an enhanced green-emitting luciferase (ELuc) to be used as a bioluminescence imaging (BLI) probe. ELuc exhibits a light signal in mammalian cells that is over 10-fold stronger than that of the firefly luciferase (FLuc), which is the most widely used luciferase reporter gene. We showed that ELuc produces a strong light signal in primary cells(More)
We have isolated a variant of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) which is highly infectious to fibroblastlike cells (BT cells) derived from human brain as well as CD4-positive T cells. This variant HIV-1, named HIV[GUN-1V], was obtained by infecting BT cells with a prototype HIV-1 isolate, named HIV[GUN-1WT], which is highly infectious to T cells(More)
Retroviruses isolated from avian, feline, murine and simian sources have been found to be inactivated and lysed by normal human serum. There is much evidence that complement is activated directly by retroviruses in the absence of antibody. Thus, human complement is thought to function as a natural defence mechanism against horizontal infection by(More)
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