Hideto Chikazawa

Learn More
To clarify the involvement of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in the pathogenesis of liver cirrhosis, we measured plasma ANP in patients with various stages of cirrhosis and in age-matched normal subjects. Urinary cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) was also measured as a marker of active biological ANP. In addition, effects of exogenous synthetic human(More)
Paclitaxel, an antineoplastic agent, was given to Crj: CD (SD) rats of both sexes at 38, 50, 65 and 85 mg/kg by single intravenous administration to investigate its acute toxicity. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Tachypnea and decreased activity with prone position were noted for vehicle and all paclitaxel groups, and alopecia for all(More)
VP 16-213 (etoposide, abbr. to VP), an oncostatic drug, was administered intravenously to Crj : CD (Sprague-Dawley) rats of both sexes at dose levels of 0.05, 0.15, 0.5 and 1.5 mg/kg/day for three months with the object of examining its toxicity and the reversibility of toxic effects. For the purpose of comparison, vincristine (abbr. to VCR) was(More)
We examined paclitaxel for anti-tumor activity against human lung cancer xenografts in nude mice and compared its efficacy with that of cisplatin, currently a key drug for lung cancer chemotherapy. Five non-small cell lung cancers (A549, NCI-H23, NCI-H226, NCI-H460 and NCI-H522) and 2 small cell lung cancers (DMS114 and DMS273) were chosen for this study,(More)
Responsiveness of bone marrow erythropoietic stem cells (CFU-E and BFU-E) to recombinant human erythropoietin (rh-Ep) was examined in vitro in 23 patients with aplastic anemia and 14 with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) to investigate the clinical use of rh-Ep for these diseases. Bone marrow mononuclear cells were cultured by methylcellulose methods for(More)
Titrations of anti-hepatitis C core (anti-HCc) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and its subclasses were studied in 90 patients with acute and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, including 27 patients who underwent interferon (IFN) therapy. The positivity rates for each anti-HCc subclass were as follows: 95.2% for IgG1, 12.0% for IgG2, 69.9% for IgG3(More)
The clinical utility of a new JCC-2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit that detects and quantitates anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) core antibodies (anti-HCc) was investigated. Serum samples were obtained from 102 patients with various non-A, non-B liver diseases, including 19 cases of chronic hepatitis type C who had been treated with interferon(More)
Paclitaxel, an antineoplastic agent, was administered intravenously to pregnant Crj: CD (SD) rats daily at dose levels of 0 (saline and vehicle), 0.15, 0.3 and 0.6 mg/kg from day 7 to day 17 of gestation. Results were as follows: 1. The ossification of hyoid bodies was retarded in F1 fetuses by the vehicle. However, the vehicle-treated group had no effect(More)
The established antitumor efficacy of paclitaxel against a variety of human tumors has led to pre-clinical and clinical studies to develop the paclitaxel-based combination regimens. We examined in vivo the antitumor activity and toxicity of the combination of paclitaxel and each of 8 antitumor agents, currently in clinical use, against M-109 murine lung(More)
Etoposide (VP-16) was administered intravenously to rats for 3 months. Testicular alterations induced by etoposide (VP-16) at 0.5 and 1.5 mg/kg/d were thoroughly assessed with light and electron microscopy. Light microscopic analyses demonstrated disorganization and moderate depletion of germinal epithelium at 0.5 mg/kg/d, and complete germ cell(More)