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Human gastric carcinoma cell line STKM-1 secretes a large protein that induces scattering of a rat liver epithelial cell line (BRL) into disconnected individual cells in monolayer culture. This cell-scattering factor was purified from serum-free conditioned medium of STKM-1 cells and found to be composed of three disulfide-linked subunits of 140, 150, and(More)
We have cloned a chromosomal DNA segment which covers the entire sequence for the murine interleukin-2 gene and analysed the structure of the gene. The coding regions are separated into four blocks by three introns each of which is located similarly to the corresponding human gene. The exon sequences can be aligned perfectly with the previously cloned cDNA(More)
Increased secretion of matrix metalloproteinases and serine proteinases is well known to be associated with cancer invasion and metastasis. We aimed to elucidate the implication of trypsin, a serine proteinase and a representative digestive enzyme in invasion and metastasis of human carcinomas. Northern blot, RT-PCR and Western blot analyses and(More)
A lectin was purified from Japanese sea hare Aplysia kurodai by lactosyl-agarose affinity chromatography. The molecular mass of the lectin was determined to be 56 and 32 kDa by SDS-PAGE under non-reducing and reducing conditions, respectively. It was found to agglutinate trypsinized and glutaraldehyde-fixed rabbit and human erythrocytes in the absence of(More)
A metalloproteinase with Mr 29,000 was purified to homogeneity as a latent proenzyme from the conditioned medium of a human rectal carcinoma cell line CaR-1. This enzyme hydrolyzed casein more potently than gelatin embedded in polyacrylamide gels in zymography assay. Calcium ion was essential for the activity. It exerted the maximum activity at pH 7-9. Its(More)
Two kinds of gelatinases (or type IV collagenases), 90-kDa and 64-kDa gelatinases, were purified in a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)- or TIMP-2-free form from the serum-free conditioned medium of human schwannoma YST-3 cells, and their activities on extracellular matrix proteins were compared. Sequential chromatographies on a(More)
To clarify the regulatory mechanism of pro-gelatinase A (proGelA) activation at a cellular level, expression of gelatinase A (GelA), three MT-MMPs, and TIMP-2 was examined with 11 human cancer cell lines cultured in the presence and absence of stimulants. MT1-MMP mRNA was expressed in 8 cell lines, while MT2-MMP and MT3-MMP mRNAs were expressed in fewer(More)
It has long been believed that trypsin is normally synthesized only in the pancreas. In the present study, expression of trypsin in human and mouse nonpancreatic tissues was examined. Northern blot analysis of normal human tissues indicated that the trypsin gene is expressed at high levels in the pancreas and spleen and considerably in the small intestine.(More)
Proteinase species secreted by 10 human gastric carcinoma cell lines were analyzed by gelatin zymography and immunoblotting. These cell lines were classified into the following three groups with respect to proteinase secretion: cell lines secreting mainly gelatinases A and/or B; those secreting multiple types of serine proteinases; and those scarcely(More)
Matrilysin is believed to play important roles in tumor progression and metastasis. In the present study, we analyzed matrilysin-producing cells in various human cancer tissues by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Tumor cells in colorectal carcinomas, pancreatic carcinomas, transitional-cell carcinomas of the kidney and small-cell lung(More)