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We have developed a liquid material for embolization of arteriovenous malformations that is a mixture of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer and metrizamide dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide. Upon contact with blood, dimethyl sulfoxide rapidly diffuses into the blood and forms an ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer elastic soft sponge that obstructs both the feeder(More)
In this study, 15-deoxyspergualin (DSG) or cyclosporine (CsA) was administered to heterotopically heart-grafted rats for 15 days, commencing on the day of transplantation. In addition, a 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique was applied to investigate the in vivo energy metabolism of the graft. A significant prolongation of graft survival was(More)
Macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF), which induces maturation of macrophages, is notably expressed in the liver. Thus, the specific purpose of this study was to investigate the role of M-CSF in liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH). Osteopetrotic (op/op) mice, genetically lacking functional M-CSF, or their littermate mice underwent 70%(More)
We investigated the effect of 15-deoxyspergualin (DSG) on graft rejection, starting administration at the onset of rejection and on the induction of immunologic unresponsiveness. Hearts from WKAH rats were transplanted into the neck of ACI rats. The energy metabolism of the grafted hearts was followed by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The day(More)
Most hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) first occur as well-differentiated HCCs, from which poorly differentiated HCC cells develop because of dedifferentiation. In this study, we try to clarify the changes of dedifferentiation and cell proliferative activity and their relationship in small HCCs (less than 3.0 cm in diameter) and try to learn the mechanism of(More)
A novel immunosuppressant, FTY720, induces a rapid and marked decrease of peripheral lymphocytes, and prolong allograft survival in rats. Its mechanism of action is mediated by apoptotic cell death. In this study, we determined the time-related changes in the numbers of total lymphocytes, and the ratios of lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood and(More)
Cell-mediated cytotoxicity may be involved in delayed and/or chronic xenograft rejection in which apoptosis is induced in the grafted cells via the Fas/Fas-ligand (FasL) and perforin/granzyme pathways. One barrier to the potential use of xeonogenic grafts for humans may be Fas/FasL-mediated apoptosis, which would be blocked by the gene expression of(More)
We describe herein the case of a 48-year-old man who underwent emergency massive resection of the small intestine due to a strangulated ileus, which led to short bowel syndrome (SBS), as he was left with only 7 cm of jejunum and 8 cm of ileum with ileocecal valve. He then received interposition of a colon segment between the jejunum and ileum remnants(More)