Hidetaka Seo

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BACKGROUND Alteration of chromatin structure is a key step in various aspects of DNA metabolism. DNA unwinding factors such as the high mobility group (HMG) proteins are thought to play a general role in controlling chromatin structure and a specific role in controlling DNA replication. For instance, in the in vitro simian virus 40 replication system,(More)
In the chicken immune system, gene conversion, a type of homologous recombination, primarily contributes to diversification of the immunoglobulin gene. Here, we report on the rapid generation of specific monoclonal antibodies using the chicken DT40 B-cell line undergoing gene conversion. We discovered that the gene conversion frequency at the immunoglobulin(More)
Recent studies implicate the transcription factor E2A in Ig diversification such as somatic hypermutation or gene conversion (GCV). GCV also requires active Ig transcription, expression of the activation-induced deaminase (AID) and a set of homologous recombination factors. We have disrupted the E2A gene in the chicken B-cell line DT40 and found greatly(More)
Modifications of histones are reportedly associated with the regulation of immunoglobulin (Ig) gene diversification mechanisms, but the extent of their involvement in promoting sequence alterations at the Ig variable (V) regions still remains to be elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that Ig gene conversion in the B cell line DT40 is accompanied by(More)
Here, we describe a protocol for using the ADLib (Autonomously Diversifying Library) system to rapidly generate specific monoclonal antibodies using DT40, a chicken B-cell line that undergoes constitutive gene conversion at both light- and heavy-chain immunoglobulin loci. We previously developed the ADLib system on the basis of our finding that gene(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been utilized as research tools, as diagnostic reagents, and for antibody medicine. The preparation of MAbs involves laborious processes and normally takes months. Here we describe an ex vivo B cell-based antibody display system called the ADLib (Autonomously Diversifying Library) system, which enables us to select chicken(More)
Engineering of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) enables us to obtain mAbs with additional functions. In particular, modifications in antibody's Fc (fragment, crystallizable) region can provide multiple benefits such as added toxicity by drug conjugation, higher affinity to Fc receptors on immunocytes, or the addition of functional modules. However, the(More)
DNA unwinding factor (DUF) was discovered as an essential DNA replication factor in Xenopus egg extracts. DUF consists of an HMG protein and a homolog of Cdc68p/Spt16p, and has the capability of unwinding dsDNA. Here we have examined the interaction of DUF with chromatin. DUF was incorporated into chromatin assembled from sperm heads and from plasmid DNA in(More)
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