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BACKGROUND The clinical use of cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloro-platinum II, CDDP) is highly limited by its nephrotoxicity. Although N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a thiol-containing antioxidant, has been documented to be effective in attenuating renal injury induced by CDDP, the precise mechanisms involved in its renoprotection have not been completely clarified.(More)
Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. Autoantibodies against M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A), which mainly belong to the IgG4 subclass, were reported as associated antibodies for the development of MN. Although PLA2R is a major target antigen for(More)
Dimethylthiourea (DMTU), a potent hydroxyl radical scavenger, affords protection against cisplatin (CDDP)-induced acute renal failure (ARF). Since the suppression of oxidative stress and the enhancement of heat shock proteins (HSPs) are both reported to protect against CDDP-induced renal damage, we tested whether increased HSP expression is involved in the(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for end-stage renal failure and cardiovascular events. In patients with CKD, anemia is often caused by decreased erythropoietin production relative to hemoglobin levels. As correction of anemia is associated with improved cardiac and renal function and quality of life, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs)(More)
BACKGROUND Establishment of non-invasive urinary biomarkers for the prediction of acute renal failure (ARF) is important. We evaluated whether urinary oxidative stress markers reflect intrarenal oxidative stress in cisplatin (CDDP)-induced ARF, and whether these markers can be used for the prediction of future ARF. METHODS Urinary malondialdehyde (MDA)(More)
BACKGROUND We examined whether dedifferentiation is necessary for cell division of proximal tubule (PT) cells after acute PT injury. METHODS Rats were injected with a low (0.2 mg/kg) or high (4 mg/kg) dose of uranyl acetate (UA) to induce acute PT injury. Proliferating PT cells were labelled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) before sacrifice. Renal tissues(More)
The intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the development of hypertension and renal damage. Disruption of diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation is an additional risk factor for renal damage. However, little is known regarding whether intrarenal RAS circadian rhythm exists or if it influences the disruption of diurnal BP and(More)
We report that disturbance to the circadian rhythm of urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) excretion may lead to renal damage, hypertension and diurnal blood pressure (BP) variations. We aim to clarify the circadian rhythm of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and its contribution to renal damage, hypertension and BP variations, and to evaluate whether(More)
Activation of the intrarenal renin–angiotensin system (RAS) plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypertension. The circadian rhythm of intrarenal RAS activation leads to renal damage and hypertension, which are associated with diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation. The activation of intrarenal RAS following(More)
BACKGROUND (Pro)renin receptor [(P)RR], a specific receptor for renin and prorenin, was identified as a member of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). (P)RR is cleaved by furin, and soluble (P)RR [s(P)RR] is secreted into the extracellular space. Previous reports have indicated that plasma s(P)RR levels show a significant positive relationship with urinary(More)