Hideo Tashiro

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We used direct buckling force measurements with optical traps to determine the flexural rigidity of individual microtubules bound to polystyrene beads. To optimize the accuracy of the measurement, we used two optical traps and antibody-coated beads to manipulate each microtubule. We then applied a new analytical model assuming nonaxial buckling.(More)
Although microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in many biological processes, the mechanisms whereby miRNAs regulate osteoblastic differentiation are poorly understood. Here, we found that BMP-4-induced osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow-derived ST2 stromal cells was promoted and repressed after transfection of sense and antisense miR-210, respectively. A(More)
Although various microRNAs regulate cell differentiation and proliferation, no miRNA has been reported so far to play an important role in the regulation of osteoblast differentiation. Here we describe the role of miR-125b in osteoblastic differentiation in mouse mesenchymal stem cells, ST2, by regulating cell proliferation. The expression of miR-125b was(More)
Interaction of G-protein with photoactivated rhodopsin (Rh*) in crayfish photoreceptor membranes was investigated by immunoprecipitation using an antibody against rhodopsin. Two kinds of protein were co-precipitated with rhodopsin. One is an alpha subunit of class-q G-protein (42 kDa, CGq alpha) which showed light-induced, dose-dependent binding to(More)
A small endoscope system equipped with a micro Raman probe is developed for in vivo Raman measurements in living rats. The measurements are done under anesthesia and artificial respiration to minimize the impact on the rats. Raman spectra of living rat esophagus and stomach are successfully measured. Our results suggest that the Raman spectra reflect(More)
We have previously shown that repetitive exposures to glutamate (100 muM, 3 min, three times at 24-hr intervals) induced a long-lasting synaptic enhancement accompanied by synaptogenesis in rat hippocampal slice cultures, a phenomenon termed RISE (for repetitive LTP-induced synaptic enhancement). To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying RISE, we(More)
An intravascular catheter for Raman spectroscopic detection and analysis of coronary atherosclerotic disease has been developed. The catheter, having an outer diameter of 2 mm, consisted of a side-view-type micro-Raman probe, an imaging fiber bundle, a working channel (injection drain), and a balloon. By inflating the balloon, the probe was brought close to(More)
Light-induced protein interaction as part of the process of visual transduction in arthropods with rhabdomeric photoreceptors was investigated biochemically by using crayfish retina. Two kinds of retinal buffer soluble proteins (one of 40 kDa and the other of 46 kDa) were found to bind to the irradiated rhabdomeric membranes both in vitro and in vivo. The(More)
Activity-dependent gene expression is one of the key mechanisms of synaptic plasticity that form the basis of higher order functions such as learning and memory. In the present study, we surveyed for activity-dependent genes by analyzing gene expression changes accompanying reversible inhibition of synaptic activity by tetrodotoxin (TTX) using two types of(More)
A micro Raman probe (MRP) with a 600 microm diameter, which we previously reported as the narrowest achieved to date, was further improved by introducing high-quality optical filters and a collecting lens at the tip. We fabricated the MRP with a high collection efficiency, a wider collection wavelength, and a high signal-to-noise ratio. We compared two(More)