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We introduce the boson and the fermion point processes from the elementary quantum mechanical point of view. That is, we consider quantum statistical mechanics of canonical ensemble for a fixed number of particles which obey Bose-Einstein, Fermi-Dirac statistics, respectively, in a finite volume. Focusing on the distribution of positions of the particles,(More)
Common buckwheat grown in Pb-contaminated soil was found to accumulate a large amount of Pb in its leaves (8,000 mg/kg DW), stem (2,000 mg/kg DW), and roots (3,300 mg/kg DW), without significant damage. This indicates that buckwheat is a newly recognized Pb hyperaccumulator, which is defined as a plant containing over 1,000 mg/kg of Pb in its shoots on a(More)
The fern Athyrium yokoscense is known to be highly tolerant to lead toxicity, and is a lead hyperaccumulator that can accumulate over 1,000 microg g(-1) of lead in its dry matter. In this work, we examined whether the gametophytic generation of A. yokoscense also resists lead toxicity like the sporophytic generation. Spore germination in A. yokoscense was(More)
According to the Aharonov–Bohm effect, magnetic potentials have a direct significance to the motion of particles in quantum mechanics. We study this quantum effect through the scattering by several point–like magnetic fields at large separation in two dimensions. We derive the asymptotic formula for scattering amplitudes as the distances between centers of(More)
We study the semiclassical asymptotic behavior of the spectral shift function and of its derivative in magnetic scattering by two solenoidal fields in two dimensions under the assumption that the total magnetic flux vanishes. The system has a trajectory oscillating between the centers of two solenoidal fields. The emphasis is placed on analysing how the(More)
We study the asymptotic behavior of the time delay (defined as the trace of the Eisenbud–Wigner time delay operator) for scattering by potential and by magnetic field with two compact supports as the separation of supports goes to infinity. The emphasis is placed on analyzing how different the asymptotic formulae are in potential and magnetic scattering.(More)
The norm convergence of the Trotter{Kato product formula is established with ultimate optimal error bound for the self-adjoint semigroup generated by the operator sum of two self-adjoint operators. A generalization is also given to the operator sum of several self-adjoint operators.
We study the asymptotic behavior of scattering amplitudes for the scattering of Dirac particles in two dimensions when electromagnetic fields with small support shrink to point–like fields. The result is strongly affected by perturbations of scalar potentials and the asymptotic form changes discontinuously at half–integer fluxes of magnetic fields even for(More)