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OBJECTIVE To characterize the risk factors for late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) in preterm infants responsive to corticosteroid therapy and evaluate the long-term neurological prognosis. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective case-control study for preterm infants (≤32 weeks' gestation) admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit from 1994 through 2002. (More)
PURPOSE To seek an association in Japanese individuals between the CFH polymorphisms Y402H and I62V and the ARMS2 polymorphism A69S and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or its three subtypes: typical (t)AMD, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), and retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP). METHODS The three polymorphisms were genotyped in a(More)
Myopia is one of the most common ocular disorders worldwide. Pathological myopia, also called high myopia, comprises 1% to 5% of the general population and is one of the leading causes of legal blindness in developed countries. To identify genetic determinants associated with pathological myopia in Japanese, we conducted a genome-wide association study,(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the three-dimensional (3D), spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (3D,SD-OCT) imaging of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in eyes with glaucoma. METHODS The study included 38 eyes of 38 patients with glaucoma and 38 normal eyes of 38 volunteers. With a 3D raster scan SD-OCT protocol, 512 × 128 axial scans(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether lamina cribrosa (LC) defects are associated with optic disc morphology in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes with high myopia. METHODS A total of 129 POAG patients and 55 age-matched control subjects with high myopia were evaluated. Three-dimensional scan images obtained by swept source optical coherence tomography were(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether the major genetic and environmental risk factors of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)-CFH Y402H and LOC387715 A69S and cigarette smoking-are also associated with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and whether the associations of CFH Y402H and LOC387715 A69S with PCV are modified by smoking. METHODS Three hundred(More)
PURPOSE Recently, a complement component 1 inhibitor (SERPING1) gene polymorphism was identified as a novel risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in Caucasians. We aimed to investigate whether variations in SERPING1 are associated with typical AMD or with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a Japanese population. METHODS We(More)
PURPOSE The collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1) gene was recently reported to be associated with high myopia in the Japanese population. To validate this positive association, the tag single-nucleotide polymorphism (tSNP) approach was used. METHODS Eight tSNPs, including rs2075555 and rs2269336 (previously reported to be high myopia-susceptible SNPs in the(More)
PURPOSE To compare automated assessment of macular drusen delineated by the authors' originally developed algorithm on three-dimensional (3D) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with the assessment by certified graders on color fundus photographs in nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS Automated assessment of(More)
PURPOSE To study the association of ARMS2 A69S genotype with the development of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in the unaffected fellow eye and to estimate the duration until the development of AMD in the second eye. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 326 patients who had exudative AMD in at least 1(More)