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BACKGROUND A deficiency of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an essential cofactor for nitric oxide (NO) synthase, decreases NO synthesis and increases superoxide production. Supplementation of BH4 has been postulated to improve endothelial function in atherosclerotic patients. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BH4 restores endothelium-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Both obesity and hypertension are associated with endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a low-calorie diet on endothelial function in obese patients with essential hypertension. METHODS We measured forearm blood flow (FBF) during intra-arterial infusion of acetylcholine (ACh; 7.5, 15, 30(More)
Restriction of dietary salt is widely recommended in the management of hypertension, but assessment of individual salt intake has drawn little attention. The understanding of salt intake is important as a guide for optimizing salt-restriction strategies. However, precise evaluation of salt intake is difficult. More reliable methods are more difficult to(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that renovascular hypertension activates the renin-angiotensin system, leading to an increase in oxidative stress. We sought to determine whether renal-artery angioplasty improves endothelial dysfunction in patients with renovascular hypertension through a reduction in oxidative stress. METHODS We evaluated the response of(More)
Leptin, a product of the ob gene, plays an important role in the regulation of body fat and has been suggested to cause vasodilation in rats. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether leptin also has a vasodilating effect in humans. Using a strain-gauge plethysmography, we evaluated forearm blood flow (FBF) during intra-arterial infusion of leptin(More)
A number of studies have shown that intravenous administration of magnesium (Mg) is an effective treatment for acute coronary syndromes. While mechanisms such as antiarrhythmic, antithrombotic, and myocardial cytoprotective effects may be involved, a vasodilatory effect is among the likely beneficial effects of Mg infusion. The vasodilatory effect of Mg is(More)
The electron microscopic demonstration of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was carried out on the trigeminal ganglion of the rat using the calcium lead modification method by Gomori (Gomori, 1952; Molnar, 1952). The ALP reaction was localized on the junction of capsular cells and nerve cells, in the cytoplasm of some dark capsular cell and in that of the(More)
BACKGROUND Liddle syndrome is an autosomal dominant form of salt-sensitive hypertension caused by mutations in the epithelial sodium channel expressed in the distal nephron playing an essential role in Na absorption. All reported mutations in Liddle syndrome are either missense mutations or frameshift mutations destroying the PY motif closer to the(More)
Restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene have recently been reported to be associated with changes in bone mineral density. Alterations in systemic calcium balance and Ca-regulating hormones such as 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 and parathyroid hormone have been demonstrated in essential hypertension. We investigated the relationship(More)
We have previously demonstrated that stimulation of the angiotensin (Ang) II type 2 receptor in vascular smooth muscle cells caused bradykinin production by activating kininogenase in transgenic mice. The aim of this study was to determine whether overexpression of AT2 receptors in cardiomyocytes attenuates Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy or(More)