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Since the late 1970s when many journals published articles warning about the misuse of statistical methods in the analysis of data, researchers have become more careful about statistical analysis, but errors including low statistical power and inadequate analysis of repeated-measurement studies are still prevalent. In this review, several statistical(More)
BACKGROUND The antiplatelet drug cilostazol is efficacious for prevention of stroke recurrence compared with placebo. We designed the second Cilostazol Stroke Prevention Study (CSPS 2) to establish non-inferiority of cilostazol versus aspirin for prevention of stroke, and to compare the efficacy and safety of cilostazol and aspirin in patients with(More)
To elucidate the utility of benzodiazepine receptor imaging for the detection of viable cortical neurons, dual-tracer autoradiography using iodine-125 iomazenil (IMZ) and iodine-123 N-isopropyl-4-iodoamphetamine (IMP) was performed in a model of reversible focal ischaemia during the acute and subacute phases. The right middle cerebral artery of(More)
Early diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is important for the potential application of neuroprotective therapies. The purpose of this study was to assess the detection of the early changes of PD by either imaging the dopamine transporter (DAT) or uptake of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA). An early to advanced stage model of PD was induced in rats(More)
We examined the effect of cardioprotective agents on three distinct phases of the H2O2-induced response that leads to loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)) and cell death in cultured cardiac myocytes: (1) priming, consisting of calcium-dependent morphological changes in mitochondria (swelling and loss of cristae), with preserved(More)
We tested the hypothesis that accumulation of H+ or inorganic phosphate (Pi) is responsible for the early contractile failure of hypoxia by measuring maximal Ca2+-activated pressure and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectra in Langendorff-perfused ferret hearts at 30 degrees C. Maximal Ca2+-activated pressure was identified by the saturation of pressure(More)
To elucidate the role of intracellular Na+ kinetics during ischemia and reperfusion in postischemic contractile dysfunction, intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) was measured in isolated perfused rat hearts using 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The extension of the ischemic period from 9 minutes to 15, 21, and 27 minutes (at 37 degrees C)(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of contractile dysfunction in postischemic ("stunned") myocardium, time-resolved measurements of intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were made using gated 19F nuclear magnetic resonance in seven perfused ferret hearts loaded with the fluorinated Ca2+ indicator 5F-BAPTA. Left ventricular developed pressure decreased to(More)
BACKGROUND Quality management in health care services has not been as successful as in other industries. OBJECTIVE To assess the potential contribution of an on-line incident reporting system (OIRS) and of an electronic patient record (EPR) system to quality management in hospitals. METHODS The two approaches are being implemented in Osaka University(More)