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Bracken (Pteridium spp.) is a ubiquitous fern which has been described as one of the five most common plants on the earth. The toxic effects of bracken on livestock have been recorded since the end of the 19th century, and extensive and intensive investigations for the bracken toxin(s) led to the isolation of ptaquiloside in 1983 as the major, but unstable,… (More)
Aurilide is a potent cytotoxic marine natural product that induces apoptosis in cultured human cells at the picomolar to nanomolar range; however, its mechanism of action has been unknown. Results of the present study showed that aurilide selectively binds to prohibitin 1 (PHB1) in the mitochondria, activating the proteolytic processing of optic atrophy 1… (More)
Aplyronine A (ApA) is a marine natural product that shows potent antitumor activity. While both ApA and ApC, a derivative of ApA that lacks a trimethylserine ester moiety, inhibit actin polymerization in vitro to the same extent, only ApA shows potent cytotoxicity. Therefore, the molecular targets and mechanisms of action of ApA in cells have remained… (More)
Various marine natural products that target cytoskeletal proteins have been discovered. A few of these compounds have recently been shown to induce or inhibit protein-protein interactions. Lobophorolide, an actin filament-disrupting macrolide, binds to actin with a unique 2 : 2 stoichiometry in which two lobophorolide molecules cooperate to stabilize an… (More)
Aplyronine A (1) and mycalolide B (2), which are cytotoxic actin-depolymerizing marine macrolides, were revealed to induce apoptosis in human leukemia HL60 cells and human epithelial carcinoma HeLa S(3) cells. Based on these results, actin-depolymerizing compounds were expected to exhibit apoptosis-inducing activity in cancer cells. Compounds 3-6, which… (More)
Aplaminal (1), a novel triazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane framework metabolite, has been isolated from the sea hare Aplysia kurodai. The structure was determined by analysis of NMR data and confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Aplaminal (1) exhibits cytotoxicity against Hela S3 cells.
Tied up: a PEG-linked biotin derivative of marine macrolide aplyronine A (ApA) is shown to exhibit potent cytotoxicity and cause actin disassembly in tumor cells. This method of introducing a PEG linker at the end of the aliphatic tail should offer perspectives for developing and using versatile actin-targeting molecular probes. PEG=poly(ethylene glycol).
Aplyronine A is a macrolide isolated from Aplysia kurodai. By monitoring fluorescent intensity of pyrenyl-actin, it was found that aplyronine A inhibited both the velocity and the degree of actin polymerization. Aplyronine A also quickly depolymerized F-actin. The kinetics of depolymerization suggest that aplyronine A severs F-actin. The relationship… (More)
Development of synthetic molecules that provide external control over the transcription of a given gene represents a challenge in medicinal and bioorganic chemistry. Here we report design and analysis of wrenchnolol, a wrench-shaped synthetic molecule that impairs the transcription of the Her2 oncogene by disrupting association of transcription factor ESX… (More)