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Bracken (Pteridium spp.) is a ubiquitous fern which has been described as one of the five most common plants on the earth. The toxic effects of bracken on livestock have been recorded since the end of the 19th century, and extensive and intensive investigations for the bracken toxin(s) led to the isolation of ptaquiloside in 1983 as the major, but unstable,… (More)
Aurilide is a potent cytotoxic marine natural product that induces apoptosis in cultured human cells at the picomolar to nanomolar range; however, its mechanism of action has been unknown. Results of the present study showed that aurilide selectively binds to prohibitin 1 (PHB1) in the mitochondria, activating the proteolytic processing of optic atrophy 1… (More)
Aplyronine A is a macrolide isolated from Aplysia kurodai. By monitoring fluorescent intensity of pyrenyl-actin, it was found that aplyronine A inhibited both the velocity and the degree of actin polymerization. Aplyronine A also quickly depolymerized F-actin. The kinetics of depolymerization suggest that aplyronine A severs F-actin. The relationship… (More)
Development of synthetic molecules that provide external control over the transcription of a given gene represents a challenge in medicinal and bioorganic chemistry. Here we report design and analysis of wrenchnolol, a wrench-shaped synthetic molecule that impairs the transcription of the Her2 oncogene by disrupting association of transcription factor ESX… (More)
Aplyronine A, isolated from the sea hare Aplysia kurodai, possesses an exceedingly potent antitumor effect in vivo and it is one of the promising candidates as an anticancer drug. This macrolide is known to depolymerize F-actin and inhibit the polymerization of actin by forming a 1:1 complex with monomeric actin. The first complex structure of… (More)
Ring functionalization: the total synthesis of a natural derivative of (-)-13-oxyingenol, a potent anti-HIV diterpenoid, is reported. The key steps in this synthesis include a ring-closing olefin metathesis and a Mislow-Evans-type [2,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement. This synthesis provides access to (-)-13-oxyingenol and its natural derivative in 21 steps from… (More)
13-Oxyingenol and its derivatives have high levels of anti-HIV activity. A fully substituted tetracyclic skeleton of 13-oxyingenol is constructed by using spiro-cyclization and ring-closing olefin metathesis as key steps.
The construction of strained carbon skeletons by ring-closing olefin metathesis (RCM) was investigated. With well-designed diene 4, RCM was found to be applicable to the formation of a highly strained inside-outside bicyclo[4.4.1]undecane skeleton of ingenol, a bioactive diterpenoid, and formal total synthesis of optically active ingenol (1) was achieved.… (More)
Marine animals and plants are rich sources of bioactive natural products. Haterumalides and biselides, isolated from Okinawan marine animals, are 14-membered macrolides with strong cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines. This review highlights the isolation, structures, bioactivities, and total synthesis of haterumalides, biselides, and related… (More)
The artificial analogs of aurilide (1), a potent cytotoxic cyclodepsipeptide of marine origin, were synthesized, and the structure-activity relationships were investigated.