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The influence of bone mineral density on the stability of transpedicle screwing was studied in the human cadaveric lumbar vertebrae. The pull-out force correlated with bone mineral density. The tilting moment (load needed to tilt the screw 4 degrees cranially at the screw-plate junction) and the cut-up force (load needed to tip the end plate up by the(More)
REVIEW In 2007, the Ishikawa Medical Control Council initiated the continuous quality improvement (CQI) project for telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (telephone-CPR), which included instruction on chest-compression-only CPR, education on how to recognise out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) with agonal breathing, emesis and convulsion,(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that dexmedetomidine drastically reduced mortality and inhibited the inflammatory response during endotoxemia in rats. The aim of this study was to clarify the dose- and time-related effects of dexmedetomidine on mortality and inflammatory responses to endotoxemia in rats. Male Wistar rats (n = 96) were anesthetized(More)
BACKGROUND Early initiation of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves the chances of successful resuscitation and survival. The importance of bystander CPR is attracting more interest, and there has been an increase in attendance at CPR training courses in Japan. However, there have been few reports regarding Japanese attitudes toward the(More)
BACKGROUND Although acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and stroke are known to increase after earthquake, few data exist regarding the effect of earthquake on these cardiovascular events in rural areas. METHODS AND RESULTS The Noto Peninsula earthquake with a magnitude of 6.9 occurred at 9:45 a.m. on 25 March 2007. The first case of ACS occurred approximately(More)
It is not clear whether advanced airway management (AAM) with an endotracheal tube (ET) by paramedics may improve the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) compared with the use of a bag-valve-mask device (BVMD) and other AAM devices. We analyzed 2,586 adult cases of OHCA without administration of adrenaline, witnessed or recognized by citizens(More)
REVIEW The interval between collapse and emergency call influences the prognosis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). To reduce the interval, it is essential to identify the causes of delay. METHODS Basal data were collected prospectively by fire departments from 3746 OHCAs witnessed or recognised by citizens and in which resuscitation was attempted(More)
Clinical and stool examinations for clonorchiasis were carried out in an endemic area, Kim Son District, Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. Stool examination with the Kato-Katz technic revealed that in 306 residents selected randomly, 42 people (13.7%) were infected with Clonorchis sinensis. The rate was biased towards men (23.4%) as opposed to women (1.5%) and(More)
OBJECTIVES The current study examined the ability of a new adsorbent, CTR, to remove enterotoxins, toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), and cytokines from blood and/or serum in vitro and the effects of the extracorporeal treatment with CTR column on mortality rate and inflammatory responses to endotoxic shock in vivo. DESIGN Laboratory investigation. (More)