Hideo Hashizume

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Phenobarbital has a high potential to elicit adverse reactions including severe skin eruptions and systemic involvements among the worldwide-prescribed drugs. Although phenobarbital hypersensitivity is thought to be mediated by T cells specific to the drug, its precise mechanism remains not fully elucidated. To characterize T cells reactive with(More)
Percutaneous peptide immunization (PPI) is a simple and noninvasive immunization approach to induce potent CTL responses by peptide delivery via skin with the stratum corneum removed. After such a barrier disruption in human skin, epidermal Langerhans cells, although functionally matured through the up-regulation of HLA expression and costimulatory(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a pruritic, chronically relapsing skin disease in which Th2 cells play a crucial role in cutaneous and extracutaneous immune reactions. In humans, CD11c+CD123- myeloid dendritic cells (mDC) and CD11c-CD123+ plasmacytoid DC (pDC) orchestrate the decision-making process in innate and acquired immunity. Since the number and function(More)
Recent technical approaches to investigating drug hypersensitivity have provided a great deal of information to solve the mechanisms that remain poorly understood. First, immunological investigations and in silico analysis have revealed that a novel interaction between T cells and antigen-presenting cells, namely the pharmacological interaction concept, is(More)
Besides having a large capacity for taking up organic molecules, clay minerals can catalyze a variety of organic reactions. Derived from rock weathering, clay minerals would have been abundant in the early Earth. As such, they might be expected to play a role in chemical evolution. The interactions of clay minerals with biopolymers, including RNA, have been(More)
We have investigated the adsorption of some amino acids and an oligopeptide by fullerene (C60) and fullerene nanowhiskers (FNWs). C60 and FNWs hardly adsorbed amino acids. Most of the amino acids used have a hydrophobic side chain. Ala and Val, with an alkyl chain, were not adsorbed by the C60 or FNWs. Trp, Phe and Pro, with a cyclic structure, were not(More)
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