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There is limited data about the mucosal lesions of portal hypertensive enteropathy (PHE) detected by capsule endoscopy, and there is no scoring system to evaluate their severity. Our aim is to create a reliable scoring system for PHE, and to explore the possible usefulness of using transient elastograhy (TE) in that field. We compared the medical records of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients who responded to interferon (IFN) treatment with clearance of serum HCV RNA may rarely develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the present study was to elucidate the risk factors for liver carcinogenesis among such patients. METHODS In total, 126 patients with chronic hepatitis C(More)
UNLABELLED Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely prescribed as first-line therapy for the treatment of acid-related diseases, such as peptic ulcers and gastro-esophageal reflux disease, and for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. However, the therapeutic efficacy of conventional PPIs is considered limited because: (1) they are unstable under acidic(More)
We examined the effects of liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin, neo red cells (NRCs), on hemorrhagic shock in a canine model. The dogs were divided into the three groups according to treatment. In group 1, composed of six dogs, NRCs were substituted for blood without shock being induced; in group 2, composed of six dogs, NRCs were administered immediately(More)
Functional disorders of various immune cells have been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Recently, distinct subsets of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes, PMN) have been identified in hosts with enhanced or impaired cell-mediated immunity. In this study, therefore, plasma factors and PMN from HCC patients were immunobiologically(More)
p59fyn, a protein tyrosine kinase belonging to the src-family, is involved in the regulatory mechanism of acute response to ethanol in the central nervous system. A previous report showed an association between src-family kinase activity and fatty acid oxidation, and it also reported that hepatic free fatty acid levels were low in Fyn-/- mice. We examined,(More)
A 38-year-old woman with Wilson's disease developed neurological deterioration after 25 years of low-dose penicillamine administration. She showed an akinetic-rigid syndrome and cerebellar motor ataxia. Brain MRI showed increased signal intensity at the bilateral pons, midbrain, putamen, and thalamus. 123I-IMP-SPECT revealed a diffuse reduction of cerebral(More)
We investigated the effects of various emetic agents: cisplatin, apomorphine, lithium chloride (LiCl), rolipram, sibutramine, and the beta(3)-adrenoceptor (AR) agonist CL316243 on salivary amylase secretion in rats. We also determined the inhibitory effect of granisetron, a 5-HT(3)-receptor antagonist, on cisplatin-induced increased salivary amylase(More)