Hidenori Yanagi

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The unfolded protein response (UPR) controls the levels of molecular chaperones and enzymes involved in protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We recently isolated ATF6 as a candidate for mammalian UPR-specific transcription factor. We report here that ATF6 constitutively expressed as a 90-kDa protein (p90ATF6) is directly converted to a 50-kDa(More)
When unfolded proteins accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), transcription of glucose-regulated proteins (GRPs) representing ER-resident molecular chaperones is markedly induced via the unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway. In contrast to recent progress in the analysis of yeast UPR, both cis-acting elements and transactivators responsible for(More)
Transcription of genes encoding molecular chaperones and folding enzymes in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is induced by accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER. This intracellular signaling, known as the unfolded protein response (UPR), is mediated by the cis-acting ER stress response element (ERSE) in mammals. In addition to ER chaperones, the(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) triggers the transcriptional induction of molecular chaperones and folding enzymes localized in the ER. Thus, eukaryotic cells possess an intracellular signalling pathway from the ER to the nucleus, called the unfolded protein-response (UPR) pathway. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae,(More)
Plasmids that can be used for controlled expression of the DnaK-DnaJ-GrpE and/or GroEL-GroES chaperone team were constructed in order to facilitate assessment of the effects of these chaperone teams on folding or assembly or recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. A typical pACYC184-based plasmid which was obtained could express the major DnaK-DnaJ-GrpE(More)
Eukaryotic cells control the levels of molecular chaperones and folding enzymes in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by a transcriptional induction process termed the unfolded protein response (UPR). The mammalian UPR is mediated by the cis-acting ER stress response element consisting of 19 nt (CCAATN(9)CCACG), the CCACG part of which is considered to provide(More)
To examine the effects of overexpression of trigger factor (TF) on recombinant proteins produced in Escherichia coli, we constructed plasmids that permitted controlled expression of TF alone or together with the GroEL-GroES chaperones. The following three proteins that are prone to aggregation were tested as targets: mouse endostatin, human oxygen-regulated(More)
An intracellular signaling from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the nucleus, called the unfolded protein response (UPR), is activated when unfolded proteins are accumulated in the ER under a variety of stress conditions ("ER stress"). We and others recently identified Hac1p/Ern4p as a transcription factor responsible for the UPR in Saccharomyces(More)
When unfolded proteins are accumulated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), an intracellular signaling pathway termed the unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated to induce transcription of ER-localized molecular chaperones and folding enzymes in the nucleus. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, at least six lumenal proteins including essential Kar2p and Pdi1p(More)
A series of events initiated by glutamate-receptor interaction perturbs cellular homeostasis resulting in elevation of intracellular free calcium and cell death. Cells subject to such environmental change express stress proteins, which contribute importantly to maintenance of metabolic homeostasis and viability. We show that an inducible chaperone present(More)