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mTORC1 promotes cell growth in response to nutrients and growth factors. Insulin activates mTORC1 through the PI3K-Akt pathway, which inhibits the TSC1-TSC2-TBC1D7 complex (the TSC complex) to turn on Rheb, an essential activator of mTORC1. However, the mechanistic basis of how this pathway integrates with nutrient-sensing pathways is unknown. We(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to examine the feasibility of allogeneic uterine transplantation in a large animal model. METHODS We performed heterotopic uterine transplants in genetically defined mini-pigs. Immunosuppression was tacrolimus administered intravenously for the first 12 days posttransplantation followed by oral cyclosporine maintenance(More)
In this study, we examined the biological action of IL-17 on human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although IL-17 had no direct effect on the in vitro growth rate of NSCLC, IL-17 selectively augmented the secretion of an array of angiogenic CXC chemokines, including CXCL1, CXCL5, CXCL6, and CXCL8 but not angiostatic chemokines, by three different NSCLC(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The clear delineation between tumor and normal tissue is ideal for real-time surgical navigation imaging. We present a novel indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging technique to visualize hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Ten patients with solitary HCC underwent hepatectomy between February and September 2007 at Osaka(More)
OBJECTIVES In the current study, we have evaluated the clinical and immunological responses in patients with advanced pancreatic carcinoma who received dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy in combination with gemcitabine and/or S-1. METHODS Dendritic cell-based immunotherapy (DC vaccine alone or DC vaccine plus lymphokine-activated killer [LAK] cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate both the feasibility and efficacy of our combined therapy, which consisted of preoperative chemoradiation, surgery, and postoperative liver perfusion chemotherapy (LPC) for patients with T3 (extended beyond the pancreatic confines) cancer of the pancreas. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Because of the high incidence of local recurrence and(More)
To examine the effects of erythromycin on rhinovirus (RV) infection in airway epithelium, primary cultures of human tracheal epithelial cells were infected with the RV major subgroup, RV14, and the minor subgroup, RV2. Infection was confirmed by increases in viral RNA of the infected cells and viral titers of the supernatants. RV14 upregulated the(More)
Many possible treatments for pulmonary fibrosis have been investigated, but except for some current clinical trials, none have succeeded in clinical trials. On the basis of the antioxidant action of bilirubin (BIL), we examined the effects of hyperbilirubinemia on the development of bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. The animals' plasma BIL(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive oral care can reduce the incidence of pneumonia in elderly nursing home patients, but the mechanism is unknown. OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of intensive oral care on impaired cough reflex sensitivity, which is a known risk factor of aspiration pneumonia. METHODS Cough reflex sensitivity to citric acid was measured in elderly(More)
OBJECTIVE Dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer vaccines may have a significant benefit to patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. However, variations among clinical studies make it difficult to compare clinical outcomes. Here, we identified factors that determined the clinical benefits by analyzing data obtained at seven Japanese institutions that employed(More)