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Interleukin-18 (IL-18), a cytokine formerly known as interferon-gamma- (IFN-gamma-) inducing factor, has pleiotropic immunoregulatory functions, including augmentation of IFN-gamma production, Fas-mediated cytotoxicity and developmental regulation of T-lymphocyte helper type I. We determined the solution structure of IL-18 as a first step toward(More)
Myeloid differentiating factor 88 (MyD88) and MyD88 adaptor-like (Mal) are adaptor molecules critically involved in the Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling pathway. While Mal has been proposed to serve as a membrane-sorting adaptor, MyD88 mediates signal transduction from activated TLR4 to downstream components. The Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain(More)
To describe a case of autosomal-dominant (AD)-chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) with a signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 gene mutation, and some of the important complications of this disease such as chronic hepatitis. We present a 23-year-old woman with CMC, chronic active hepatitis, and hypothyroidism. Her father also had(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important pathogen-associated molecular pattern recognition receptors involved in initiating immune responses. The adaptor protein MyD88 adaptor-like (Mal), involved in signaling downstream of TLRs, plays a crucial role in mediating NF-κB activation. The association of Mal polymorphisms with allergic diseases has not(More)
Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (EDA-ID) is characterized by hypohidrosis, dental abnormalities, sparse hair, and immunodeficiency. Autosomal dominant (AD)-EDA-ID, caused by a heterozygous mutation within NFKBIA, is very rare and its clinical features remain largely unknown. This study describes a patient with AD-EDA-ID harboring a(More)
The etiology of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is caused by germline gene mutations in NOD-like receptor family, pryin domain containing 3 (NLRP3)/cold-induced autoinflammatory syndrome 1 (CIAS1). CAPS includes diseases with various severities. The aim of this study was to characterize patients according to the disease severity of CAPS. Five(More)
Human interleukin-18 (hIL-18), originally known as an IFN-gamma-inducing factor, is a recently cloned cytokine that is secreted by Kupffer cells of the liver and by stimulated macrophages. We have previously established a method of expression and purification of IL-18. The yield however remains low and the insufficient expression of a heterologous protein(More)
Hereditary periodic fever syndromes have been considered monogenic diseases. However, some recent reports have described patients with co-existence of recurrent fever responsible genes. This study assessed whether a rare variant, found in Japanese children showing atypical autoinflammatory syndrome, located in the leucine-rich repeat domain of Nod-like(More)
The impeccable photostability of fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs) is an ideal property for use in fluorescence imaging of proteins in living cells. However, such an application requires highly specific labeling of the target proteins with FNDs. Furthermore, the surface of unmodified FNDs tends to adsorb biomolecules nonspecifically, which hinders the(More)