Hidenori Ohnishi

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MyD88, a Toll/interleukin-1 receptor homology (TIR) domain-containing adaptor protein, mediates signals from the Toll-like receptors (TLR) or IL-1/IL-18 receptors to downstream kinases. In MyD88-dependent TLR4 signaling, the function of MyD88 is enhanced by another TIR domain-containing adaptor, Mal/TIRAP, which brings MyD88 to the plasma membrane and(More)
Hereditary periodic fever syndromes have been considered monogenic diseases. However, some recent reports have described patients with co-existence of recurrent fever responsible genes. This study assessed whether a rare variant, found in Japanese children showing atypical autoinflammatory syndrome, located in the leucine-rich repeat domain of Nod-like(More)
Fifty-six primary childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) samples and 17 T-ALL cell lines were examined for mutations and homozygous deletions of the p16/MTS1 gene using polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism and Southern blot analysis. Homozygous deletions were found in 22 primary samples (39%) and in 10 cell lines(More)
To describe a case of autosomal-dominant (AD)-chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) with a signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 gene mutation, and some of the important complications of this disease such as chronic hepatitis. We present a 23-year-old woman with CMC, chronic active hepatitis, and hypothyroidism. Her father also had(More)
Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the IL-1 family and plays an important role in inflammation. The uncontrolled release of this cytokine is associated with severe chronic inflammatory disease. IL-18 forms a signalling complex with the IL-18 receptor α (Rα) and β (Rβ) chains at the plasma membrane, which induces multiple(More)
The etiology of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is caused by germline gene mutations in NOD-like receptor family, pryin domain containing 3 (NLRP3)/cold-induced autoinflammatory syndrome 1 (CIAS1). CAPS includes diseases with various severities. The aim of this study was to characterize patients according to the disease severity of CAPS. Five(More)
Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (EDA-ID) is characterized by hypohidrosis, dental abnormalities, sparse hair, and immunodeficiency. Autosomal dominant (AD)-EDA-ID, caused by a heterozygous mutation within NFKBIA, is very rare and its clinical features remain largely unknown. This study describes a patient with AD-EDA-ID harboring a(More)
Gain-of-function mutations in complement factor B (CFB) were recently identified in patients with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), but are extremely rare. Our purpose is to describe a large kindred with aHUS associated with a CFB mutation and to further understand CFB-mutated aHUS patients. We report a large kindred in which 3 members had aHUS.(More)
In this research, we used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) as an alternative technique for mental state analysis, and compared its performance with other conventional techniques such as electroencephalography (EEG) and peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) during stress and healing tasks. We measured biological signals simultaneously in our experiments using(More)
To investigate clinical presentation, genetic background and cytokine profile of Japanese sporadic cases of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. Nine PFAPA syndrome patients were recruited. DNA sequence analysis of auto inflammatory disorder susceptibility genes, MEFV, MVK, NLRP3, and TNFRSF1A, were performed.(More)