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Interfacial structures of water at polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and poly(2-acrylamido-2-methypropane) sulfonic acid sodium salt (PNaAMPS)/quartz interfaces were investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy. Two broad peaks were observed in OH stretching region at 3200 and 3400 cm(-1), corresponding to the symmetric OH stretching of tetrahedrally(More)
Boron nitride (BN), which is an insulator with a wide band gap, supported on Au is theoretically suggested and experimentally proved to act as an electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Density-functional theory calculations show that the band gap of a free h-BN monolayer is 4.6 eV but a slight protrusion of the unoccupied BN states toward the(More)
The potential dependence of the interfacial water structure at Pt and Au thin film electrodes was investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy in internal reflection mode. In the case of the Pt electrode, two broad peaks were observed in the OH stretching region at ca. 3200 cm(-1) and ca. 3400 cm(-1), which are known to be due to the(More)
The electrocatalytic activities of various types of h-BN, i.e., spin coated BN nanotubes (BNNTs) and BN nanosheets (BNNSs) and sputter deposited BN, on Au electrodes as well as those of BNNS modified glassy carbon (GC) and Pt electrodes for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) were examined in O2 saturated 0.5 M H2SO4 solution based on the theoretical(More)
A zwitterionic poly(carboxymethylbetaine) (PCMB) brush was prepared on a fused quartz prism by the surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) of CMB monomer. The conformation of PCMB brush and the state of water at the surface of the brush were examined using sum frequency generation (SFG) technique. The C-H stretching band of the(More)
Effects of metal substrate on the bonding nature of isocyanide group of two aryl isocyanides, 1,4-phenylene diisocyanide (PDI) and 4-methylphenyl isocyanide (MPI), and tilt angle of MPI were examined by measuring sum frequency generation (SFG) spectra of the self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of these molecules on Au, Pt, Ag, and Pd surfaces. The SFG peaks(More)
Surfaces of both a cover glass and the flat plane of a semi-cylindrical quartz prism were modified with a mixture of positively and negatively charged silane coupling reagents (3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and 3-(trihydroxysilyl)propylmethylphosphonate (THPMP), respectively). The glass surface modified with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) prepared(More)
A silane coupling agent having a zwitterionic end group was covalently bound to a semi-cylindrical fused silica prism for sum-frequency generation (SFG) analyses and to a flat glass for estimating biological affinity. It was found that total intensity of the -derived from water in contact with a positively or negatively charged SAM-modified surface and a(More)
Nucleic acids possess charged phosphate groups in their backbones, which require counterions to reduce the repulsive Coulombic interactions between the strands. Herein we report how different mono- and divalent metal cations influence the molecular orientations of DNA molecules on silicon surfaces upon immobilization and hybridization. Our sum frequency(More)