Hidenori Mochizuki

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver cancer, so strategies to prevent infection are needed. A system for cell culture of infectious HCV particles (HCVcc) has recently been established; the inactivated HCVcc particles might be used as antigens in vaccine development. We aimed to confirm the potential of HCVcc as an(More)
To establish a simple system for purification of recombinant infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles, we designed a chimeric J6/JFH-1 virus with a FLAG (FL)-epitope-tagged sequence at the N-terminal region of the E2 hypervariable region-1 (HVR1) gene (J6/JFH-1/1FL). We found that introduction of an adaptive mutation at the potential N-glycosylation(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the potential of TRK-380 as a drug for overactive bladder in humans by evaluating the agonistic activities for human β-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) and the relaxing effects on isolated detrusor strips. METHODS The agonistic activities for human β-ARs were evaluated in SK-N-MC cells (for human β(3)-ARs) and Chinese hamster ovary cells(More)
Oxidative stress is considered to be a key mechanism of hepatocellular injury and disease progression in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The transcription factor Nrf2 (nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2) plays a central role in stimulating expression of various antioxidant-associated genes in the cellular defense against(More)
An orally active antiallergic agent, M50367, skews the Th1/Th2 balance toward Th1 dominance by suppressing naive Th cell differentiation into Th2 cells in vitro. Administration results in the suppression of IgE synthesis and peritoneal eosinophilia in vivo. In this report, we determined that M50354 (an active metabolite of M50367) was a ligand for the aryl(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of liver cancer, and it is therefore important to develop a prophylactic strategy for HCV infection. In recent years, a system for cell culture of the infectious HCV particle has been established, and the inactivated particle has potential as an antigen for vaccine development. In this study, we aimed to establish(More)
We previously reported an orally active anti-allergic agent, M50367, modulated Th1/Th2 balance to down-regulate Th2 response in a murine model of atopic asthma. In this study, we examined the effect of M50354, the active metabolite of M50367, on the differentiation of naïve Th cells into Th1/Th2 cells. M50354 at 3 microM decreased the generation of Th2(More)
The efficient production of infectious HCV from the JFH-1 strain is restricted to the Huh7 cell line and its derivatives. However, the factors involved in this restriction are unknown. In this study, we examined the production of infectious HCV from other liver-derived cell lines, and characterized the produced viruses. Clones of the Huh7, HepG2, and(More)
Uremic pruritus in hemodialysis patients is intractable and no effective treatments have been established yet. Although the precise mechanism of the pruritus is still unclear, accumulating evidence suggests that activation of the micro-opioid receptors may induce pruritus in hemodialysis patients. On the other hand, activation of kappa-opioid receptors is(More)
Abnormalities in dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmission in the forebrain are believed to be involved in the underlying mechanism of schizophrenia; therefore, the direct blockade of the receptors associated with these systems is a central strategy for schizophrenia treatment, even though this strategy concurrently produces adverse effects like(More)