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We identified ergothionase, which catalyzes conversion of ergothioneine to thiolurocanic acid and trimethylamine, in a newly isolated ergothioneine-utilizing strain, Burkholderia sp. HME13. The enzyme was purified and its N-terminal amino acid sequence was determined. Based on the amino acid sequence, the gene encoding the enzyme was cloned and expressed in(More)
This paper presents a new deformable model using both population-based and patient-specific shape statistics to segment lung fields from serial chest radiographs. There are two novelties in the proposed deformable model. First, a modified scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) local descriptor, which is more distinctive than the general intensity and(More)
Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) is a form of presenile dementia associated with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy and polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia. This extremely rare inherited disease is caused by mutations in either DAP12 or TREM2. The present study was designed to assess the relationship between DAP12/TREM2 genotype, mRNA and protein expression(More)
Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is a rare acquired channelopathy that is characterized by pandysautonomia, in which autoantibodies to ganglionic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (gAChR) may play a central role. Radioimmunoprecipitation (RIP) assays have been used for the sensitive detection of autoantibodies to gAChR in the serum of patients with(More)
This paper presents a new deformable model using both population-based and patient-specific shape statistics to segment lung fields from serial chest radiographs. First, a modified scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) local descriptor is used to characterize the image features in the vicinity of each pixel, so that the deformable model deforms in a way(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine anti-KIR4.1 antibodies by 2 different assays in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) or neuromyelitis optica (NMO). METHODS One hundred sixty serum samples from 57 patients with MS, 40 patients with NMO/NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD), and 50 healthy controls (all were Japanese) were tested with ELISA using a synthetic(More)
The 1-Hz rTMS of 320 stimuli with an intensity of 90% of motor threshold was applied over the vertex of the skull using a round coil in a day. The effects of short-term (treated in 5 successive days) treatment was examined in 6 patients and long-term (treated in every one or two weeks for six months) treatment was examined in five. Unified Parkinson's(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Anti-ganglionic nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (gAChR) antibodies are observed in autoimmune diseases, as well as in patients with autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy. However, the genetic background of anti-gAChR antibodies is unclear. Here, we investigated HLA alleles in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) patients with or without anti-gAChR(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are key regulators of adaptive T-cell responses. By capturing exogenous antigens and presenting antigen-derived peptides via major histocompatibility complex molecules to naïve T cells, DCs induce antigen-specific immune responses in vivo. In order to induce effective host immune responses, active delivery of exogenous antigens to DCs(More)
We report two brothers with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies and pyramidal signs. Electrophysiological evaluation revealed polyneuropathy and involvement of the central motor, somatosensory, and auditory pathways. Brain magnetic resonance imaging studies showed diffuse white matter lesions, and sural nerve biopsy identified a reduction in the large(More)