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A reduction in ankle-brachial BP index (ABPI) is associated with generalized atherosclerotic diseases and predicts cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in several patient populations. However, a large-scale analysis of ABPI is lacking for hemodialysis (HD) patients, and its use in this population is not fully validated. A cohort of 1010 Japanese patients(More)
This is the first report on mutations of the UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase gene (GNE) in Nonaka myopathy or distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (OMIM 605820), an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder. Sequence and haplotype analyses of GNE in two siblings with Nonaka myopathy from a Japanese family revealed that both(More)
A 14-year-old boy developed a distinct asymmetrical muscle atrophy and weakness with no sensory disturbance in the lower extremities after enteritis. He had an elevated titre of the IgG antibody against GalNAc-GD1a, but none of the others. A nerve conduction study revealed motor axonopathy. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy improved the status gradually,(More)
Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) is a form of presenile dementia associated with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy and polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia. This extremely rare inherited disease is caused by mutations in either DAP12 or TREM2. The present study was designed to assess the relationship between DAP12/TREM2 genotype, mRNA and protein expression(More)
We identified ergothionase, which catalyzes conversion of ergothioneine to thiolurocanic acid and trimethylamine, in a newly isolated ergothioneine-utilizing strain, Burkholderia sp. HME13. The enzyme was purified and its N-terminal amino acid sequence was determined. Based on the amino acid sequence, the gene encoding the enzyme was cloned and expressed in(More)
In neuromyelitis optica (NMO), B-cell autoimmunity to aquaporin-4 (AQP4) has been shown to be essential. However, the role of T cells remains ambiguous. Here, we first showed an increase in CD69+ activated T cells in PBMCs during NMO relapses. Next, T-cell responses to AQP4 and myelin peptides were studied in 12 NM0 patients, 10 multiple sclerosis (MS)(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently begun to doubt the effectiveness of periodic sharp wave complexes observed on electroencephalographs and the detection of 14-3-3 protein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as diagnostic criteria for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and the detection of total tau (t-tau) protein in CSF(More)
1. Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rapidly progressive and fatal disease. Patients with CJD usually become akinetic mutism within approximately 6 months. In addition, clinical signs and symptoms at early stage of sporadic CJD may not be easy to distinguish from other neurodegenerative diseases by neurological findings. However, diagnostic(More)
The 1-Hz rTMS of 320 stimuli with an intensity of 90% of motor threshold was applied over the vertex of the skull using a round coil in a day. The effects of short-term (treated in 5 successive days) treatment was examined in 6 patients and long-term (treated in every one or two weeks for six months) treatment was examined in five. Unified Parkinson's(More)
Because myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease mediated by Abs specific for the acetylcholine receptor, helper T cells play a role in Ab production. In this study, we have performed large-scale cross-sectional and longitudinal TCR studies by CDR3 spectratyping using PBL and thymus tissues from MG patients. We found that there was no preferential(More)