Learn More
A reduction in ankle-brachial BP index (ABPI) is associated with generalized atherosclerotic diseases and predicts cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in several patient populations. However, a large-scale analysis of ABPI is lacking for hemodialysis (HD) patients, and its use in this population is not fully validated. A cohort of 1010 Japanese patients(More)
We identified ergothionase, which catalyzes conversion of ergothioneine to thiolurocanic acid and trimethylamine, in a newly isolated ergothioneine-utilizing strain, Burkholderia sp. HME13. The enzyme was purified and its N-terminal amino acid sequence was determined. Based on the amino acid sequence, the gene encoding the enzyme was cloned and expressed in(More)
In neuromyelitis optica (NMO), B-cell autoimmunity to aquaporin-4 (AQP4) has been shown to be essential. However, the role of T cells remains ambiguous. Here, we first showed an increase in CD69+ activated T cells in PBMCs during NMO relapses. Next, T-cell responses to AQP4 and myelin peptides were studied in 12 NM0 patients, 10 multiple sclerosis (MS)(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently begun to doubt the effectiveness of periodic sharp wave complexes observed on electroencephalographs and the detection of 14-3-3 protein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as diagnostic criteria for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and the detection of total tau (t-tau) protein in CSF(More)
1. Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rapidly progressive and fatal disease. Patients with CJD usually become akinetic mutism within approximately 6 months. In addition, clinical signs and symptoms at early stage of sporadic CJD may not be easy to distinguish from other neurodegenerative diseases by neurological findings. However, diagnostic(More)
This paper presents a new deformable model using both population-based and patient-specific shape statistics to segment lung fields from serial chest radiographs. There are two novelties in the proposed deformable model. First, a modified scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) local descriptor, which is more distinctive than the general intensity and(More)
This is the first report on mutations of the UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase gene (GNE) in Nonaka myopathy or distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (OMIM 605820), an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder. Sequence and haplotype analyses of GNE in two siblings with Nonaka myopathy from a Japanese family revealed that both(More)
The therapeutic potency of M2000 (beta-D-mannuronic acid), a novel designed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with immunosuppressive property in T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease, was tested. The influence of M2000 on myelin basic protein (MBP)-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis, was assessed.(More)
A Japanese man with a negative family history of paramyotonia congenita (PMC) was evaluated for symptoms of cold-induced weakness and stiffness. Exercise testing revealed findings characteristic of PMC, and a genetic analysis was therefore performed. A well-known sodium channel mutation for PMC (T1313M) was identified in the patient, but was absent in his(More)
Because myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease mediated by Abs specific for the acetylcholine receptor, helper T cells play a role in Ab production. In this study, we have performed large-scale cross-sectional and longitudinal TCR studies by CDR3 spectratyping using PBL and thymus tissues from MG patients. We found that there was no preferential(More)