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Genetic variations in dysbindin-1 (dystrobrevin-binding protein-1) are one of the most commonly reported variations associated with schizophrenia. As schizophrenia could be regarded as a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from abnormalities of synaptic connectivity, we attempted to clarify the function of dysbindin-1 in neuronal development. We examined(More)
Septins are a family of conserved guanosine triphosphate/guanosine diphosphate-binding proteins implicated in a variety of cellular functions such as cell cycle control and cytokinesis. Although several members of septin family, including Septin 14 (Sept14), are abundantly expressed in nervous tissues, little is known about their physiological functions,(More)
Insertional mutagenesis using P-element vectors yielded several independent mutations that cause male homosexuality in Drosophila melanogaster. Subsequent analyses revealed that all of these insertions were located at the same chromosomal division, 91B, where one of the inversion breakpoints responsible for the bisexual phenotype of the fruitless (fru)(More)
Changes in levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) in various regions of the rat brain following kainic acid-induced seizure activity were investigated. BDNF protein, as measured by a two-site enzyme immunoassay, increased transiently 12-24 h after the intraperitoneal administration of kainic(More)
We determined the changes in the levels of the mammalian small heat shock protein of 25-28 kDa (hsp27) and the hsp alphaB-crystallin in various regions of rat brain after kainic acid-induced seizure activity by means of specific immunoassays. The levels of hsp27 in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex were markedly increased and reached a maximum (1.5-2(More)
A2BP1 is considered to regulate alternative splicing of important neuronal transcripts and has been implicated in a variety of neurological and developmental disorders. A2BP1 was found in neuronal cells and was analyzed biochemically and morphologically. In this study, we prepared a specific antibody against A2BP1, anti-A2BP1, and carried out protein(More)
The membrane-associated guanylate kinase with inverted organization (MAGI) proteins consist of three members, MAGI-1, MAGI-2 (also known as S-SCAM), and MAGI-3. Although MAGI-2 has been analyzed and shown to interact with a variety of postsynaptic proteins, functional analyses and characterization of MAGI-1 in neuronal tissues have been rare. In this study,(More)
Rho small GTPases are members of the Ras superfamily of monomeric 20 ~ 30 kDa GTP-binding proteins. These proteins function as molecular switches that regulate various cellular processes such as migration, adhesion and proliferation. Cycling between GDP-bound inactive and GTP-bound active forms is regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs),(More)
Septins, a conserved family of GTP/GDP-binding proteins, are present in organisms as diverse as yeast and mammals. We analyzed the distribution of five septins, Sept6, Sept7, Sept8, Sept9 and Sept11, in various rat tissues by western blot analyses and found all septins to be expressed in brain. We also examined the developmental changes of expression of(More)
Vinexin is an adaptor protein that is supposed to play pivotal roles in cell adhesion, cytoskeletal organization and signaling. At least three splice variants, vinexinalpha, beta and gamma, have so far been reported. In spite of the possible importance of vinexin, the properties and functions of vinexin in neuronal cells are almost unknown. Here we show(More)