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In the subventricular zone of the adult mammalian forebrain, neural stem cells (NSCs) reside and proliferate to generate young neurons. We screened factors that promoted the proliferation of NSCs in vitro by a recently developed proteomics technique, the ProteinChip system. In this screen, we identified a soluble carbohydrate-binding protein, Galectin-1, as(More)
Galectin-1 has recently been identified as a factor that regulates initial axonal growth in peripheral nerves after axotomy. Although galectin-1 is a well-known beta-galactoside-binding lectin, its potential to promote axonal regeneration as a lectin has not been reported. It is essential that the process of initial repair in peripheral nerves after axotomy(More)
Both genomic and complementary DNA clones encoding poliovirus receptors were isolated from genomic and complementary DNA libraries prepared from HeLa S3 cells, respectively. Nucleotide sequence analysis of these cloned DNAs revealed that the poliovirus receptor gene is approximately 20 kb long and contains seven introns in the coding region, and that at(More)
Various neurotrophic factors that promote axonal regeneration have been investigated in vivo, but the signals that prompt neurons to send out processes in peripheral nerves after axotomy are not well understood. Previously, we have shown oxidized galectin-1 (GAL-1/Ox) promotes initial axonal growth after axotomy in peripheral nerves. However, the mechanism(More)
The signals that prompt the axons to send out processes in peripheral nerves after axotomy are not well understood. Here, we report that galectin-1 can play an important role in this initial stage. We developed an in vitro nerve regeneration model that allows us to monitor the initial axon and support cell outgrowth from the proximal nerve stump, which is(More)
Various neurotrophic factors that promote axonal regeneration have been investigated in vivo, but the signals that prompt the axons to send out processes in peripheral nerves after axotomy are not well understood. We have shown using two specific strategies that galectin-1 can play an important role in this initial stage. One used an in vitro nerve(More)
Recombinant viruses between the virulent Mahoney and attenuated Sabin 1 strains of poliovirus type 1 were subjected to neurovirulence tests using a transgenic (Tg) mouse line, ICR-PVRTg1, that carried the human poliovirus receptor gene. The Tg mice were inoculated intracerebrally with these recombinant viruses and observed for clinical signs,(More)
Although many factors have been implicated in the regenerative response of peripheral axons to nerve injury, the signals that prompt neurons to extend processes in peripheral nerves after axotomy are not well-understood. As shown in the first chapter, oxidized recombinant human galectin-1 (rhGAL-1/Ox), which lacks lectin activity, promotes initial axonal(More)
AIMS To evaluate the level of plasma brain natriuretic peptide as a predictor of morbidity and mortality in patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS We measured plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide, brain natriuretic peptide, norepinephrine, angiotensin II, and endothelin-1 and monitored haemodynamic(More)
We examined the effect of experimental diabetes on neurite regeneration from adult mouse retinal explants cultured in the presence of different concentrations of glucose. The numbers of regenerating neurites at 3, 6 and 10 days in culture at normal glucose concentration (7 mM) were significantly smaller in streptozotocin-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice than(More)