Hidenori Gohra

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The aim of this study was to determine whether the preoperative administration of lentinan, which is used clinically to activate T cell function in cancer patients, prevents the impairment of lymphocyte function after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). A total of 25 adults undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled in this study. Lentinan (2 mg)(More)
Depression in electroencephalogram (EEG) has been documented clinically and is reproducible in swine at the initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) utilizing a crystalloid prime. The physiological cause of this transient alteration in electrical brain activity appears to be associated with the transient drop in arterial pressure. The etiology is unknown(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate the degree of stress in patients induced by minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) in comparison with that caused by conventional cardiac surgery. We did this by assessing the incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). A total of 48 adult patients who underwent surgery for single valve disease(More)
Early endothelial injury may play a role in the development of transplant arteriosclerosis. The present study documents early endothelial changes using a rat aortic graft model. Abdominal aortic allografts from PVG rats were orthotopically transplanted to DA rats. Controls were DA to DA transplants. Endothelial cell (EC) injury, regeneration, and leukocyte(More)
This study investigated whether cytokines and colony-stimulating factors can predict prognosis in patients with postoperative multiple organ failure (MOF). We evaluated 14 patients with postoperative MOF who underwent operation for cardiovascular disease. Seven patients recovered from MOF (survivors) and seven did not recover and died (nonsurvivors). The(More)
The influence of cytokines on the inflammatory response in surgery has recently been the subject of investigations. We measured tumor necrotic factorga (TNF-α), interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), and granulocyte elastase (GEL) in 26 patients undergoing elective cardiac operations using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB),(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of cardioplegic arrest and reperfusion on the coronary vasculature remain to be characterized. This study was designed to investigate changes in coronary reserve and autoregulation after hypothermic cardioplegic arrest and reperfusion. METHODS Isolated rabbit hearts were perfused in a retrograde manner with Krebs-Henseleit(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with increased pulmonary artery pressure, the pulmonary vascular endothelium is morphologically and functionally abnormal and may be vulnerable to neutrophil-mediated injury induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We investigated the relation between levels of granulocyte elastase (GEL), interleukin-6, or interleukin-8 after CPB and(More)
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) is a new concept of entry criteria for sepsis. This concept, when applied to area of Multiple Organ Failure (MOF), is considered to be a preparatory state for MOF. To study the significance of SIRS state at cardiac surgery, we measured the body temperature, white blood cell count, respiratory rate and heart(More)
A 45-year-old man had aortic regurgitation with a syphilitic true aneurysm of the ascending to transverse arch aorta and a descending aortic aneurysm from chronic Stanford type B aortic dissection. After antibiotic therapy, two-staged surgical repair was performed and there has been no evidence of recurrence in 12 months since the second stage. We describe(More)