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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although the prognostic value of perfusion MR imaging in various gliomas has been investigated, that in high-grade astrocytomas alone has not been fully evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively whether the tumor maximum relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) on pretreatment perfusion MR imaging is of(More)
BACKGROUND A prospective randomized study was designed to determine whether flutamide (FLU) administered before treatment with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (LH-RHa) prevented prostate-specific antigen (PSA) flare in prostate cancer patients. METHODS Prostate cancer patients were randomized into two groups and received either FLU (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence and clinical characteristics of IgG4-related hypophysitis remain unclear due to the limited number of case reports. Therefore, in this study, we screened consecutive outpatients with hypopituitarism and/or diabetes insipidus (DI) to estimate its prevalence. METHODS A total of 170 consecutive outpatients with hypopituitarism and/or(More)
BACKGROUND On contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) images, pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are usually well-enhanced tumors that may mimic high-grade gliomas (HGGs). On the other hand, it has been suggested that areas exhibiting minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values reflect the sites of highest cellularity within heterogeneous tumors. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Four-dimensional contrast-enhanced MR angiography (4D-CE-MRA) at 3T may replace digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for certain diagnostic purposes in patients with intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that 4D-CE-MRA at 3T enables the same characterization of intracranial(More)
Although somatostatin analogues are effective medical therapy for acromegaly, the serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels remain uncontrolled in 35% of patients. Combined therapy with octreotide LAR and cabergoline has been reported to normalize IGF-I levels in 42-56% of Caucasian patients with acromegaly. However, it remains to be clarified(More)
In an analysis of 114 F(2) individuals from a cross between clubroot-resistant and susceptible lines of Brassica rapa L., 'G004' and 'Hakusai Chukanbohon Nou 7' (A9709), respectively, we identified two loci, Crr1 and Crr2, for clubroot (caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae Woronin) resistance. Each locus segregated independently among the F(2) population,(More)
cDNA clones for two isogenes of nitrate reductase (NR) have been isolated from rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) androgenetic haploid embryos induced by microspore culture. NR mRNA accumulation can be detected by northern hybridization at 14 d after culture initiation when embryos develop to the heart/torpedo-shaped stage. Whole-mount in situ hybridization(More)
The contribution of the activity of afferent fiber filaments to pain and hyperalgesia after administration of a plantar injection of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) to the hind-paw skin was investigated by recording action potentials of the rat dorsal root in response to mechanical and thermal stimuli. Touch stimuli were delivered by stroking with a(More)
Cushing disease is a condition in which the pituitary gland releases excessive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) as a result of an adenoma arising from the ACTH-secreting cells in the anterior pituitary. ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas lead to hypercortisolemia and cause significant morbidity and mortality. Pituitary-directed medications are mostly(More)