Hidenori Fukuoka

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The contribution of the activity of afferent fiber filaments to pain and hyperalgesia after administration of a plantar injection of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) to the hind-paw skin was investigated by recording action potentials of the rat dorsal root in response to mechanical and thermal stimuli. Touch stimuli were delivered by stroking with a(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability of mepyramine was measured by the carotid injection technique to elucidate the transport mechanism of an H1-antagonist in the central nervous system. Mepyramine was found to enter the brain by saturable and carrier-mediated transport. The in vivo kinetic parameters were estimated as follows: the maximum uptake rate(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although the prognostic value of perfusion MR imaging in various gliomas has been investigated, that in high-grade astrocytomas alone has not been fully evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively whether the tumor maximum relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) on pretreatment perfusion MR imaging is of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Four-dimensional contrast-enhanced MR angiography (4D-CE-MRA) at 3T may replace digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for certain diagnostic purposes in patients with intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that 4D-CE-MRA at 3T enables the same characterization of intracranial(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an emerging progressive hepatic disease and demonstrates steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis. Insulin resistance is a common feature in the development of NASH. Molecular pathogenesis of NASH consists of 2 steps: triglyceride accumulation in hepatocytes with insulin resistance and an enhanced(More)
Cushing disease is a condition in which the pituitary gland releases excessive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) as a result of an adenoma arising from the ACTH-secreting cells in the anterior pituitary. ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas lead to hypercortisolemia and cause significant morbidity and mortality. Pituitary-directed medications are mostly(More)
IGF-I induces skeletal muscle hypertrophy by stimulating protein synthesis and suppressing the protein degradation pathway; the downstream signaling pathways Akt-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-p70-kDA-S6-kinase (p70S6K), and Forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) play essential roles in this regulation. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) modulate the signaling of various(More)
Cellular senescence is characterized by growth arrest, enlarged and flattened cell morphology, the expression of senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal), and by activation of tumor suppressor networks. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) plays a critical role in cellular growth, proliferation, tumorigenesis, and regulation of aging. In the present(More)
Bone is a dynamic tissue that functions not only as a mechanical support, but also as a major component of the metabolic and endocrine systems maintaining mineral homeostasis. It has been shown that immobilization induces decalcification of bone. To evaluate the effect of immobilization on bone mineral density and calcium metabolism, we investigated 9 young(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence and clinical characteristics of IgG4-related hypophysitis remain unclear due to the limited number of case reports. Therefore, in this study, we screened consecutive outpatients with hypopituitarism and/or diabetes insipidus (DI) to estimate its prevalence. METHODS A total of 170 consecutive outpatients with hypopituitarism and/or(More)