Hidenobu Kawamoto

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Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the underlying mechanism of endothelial cell injury in hyperhomocysteinemia has not been elucidated. In this study, we examined the effect of homocysteine (Hcy) on Fas-mediated apoptosis in endothelial cells. Hcy-induced upregulation of Fas in endothelial(More)
Vascular ageing is accelerated in patients with diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we show that high glucose induces activation of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), an apoptosis-inducing signal that mediates endothelial cell senescence induced by hyperglycemia. High glucose induced a time-dependent increase in the(More)
A growing body of evidence has shown that Fas, a death receptor, mediates apoptosis-unrelated biological effects. Here, we report that Fas engagement with Fas ligand induced activation of Akt and upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression without induction of apoptosis. In the presence of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor(More)
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Thus, prevention of hypertension and consequent organ damage is important for reducing its incidence. In the present study, we examined the involvement of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (Timp-3) in N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertension and accompanying(More)
Apop-1 is a novel protein identified in cultured atherosclerotic smooth muscle cells of ApoE-deficient mice, and the expression of the Apop-1 protein induces the death of cultured cells. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a well-characterized survival factor for VSMC; however, the interaction between Apop-1 and survival factor IGF-1 in the mediation of(More)
In the development of atherosclerosis, inflammatory cells adhere to and migrate into the vascular walls by interacting with vascular smooth muscle cells. To investigate the mechanism of aspirin's anti-atherogenic activity, we examined whether aspirin inhibits the adhesion of lymphocytes to human aortic smooth muscle cells (AoSMC). Aspirin inhibited T-cell(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (Timp-3), an inhibitor of matrix-degrading enzymes, is an important molecule for maintenance of the extracellular matrix. In this study, we generated Timp-3-deficient mice and used them to examine the effect of Timp-3-deficiency on blood pressure and to investigate the role of Timp-3 in the kidney following unilateral(More)
To find a novel marker for identifying patients at high-risk for endothelial dysfunction among patients with atherosclerosis, we examined the correlation between mRNA levels of Fas ligand (FasL), an apoptosis-inducing factor, in circulating leukocytes and clinical parameters in these patients. FasL mRNA levels of circulating leukocytes were measured with(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is an early sign of atherosclerosis. Patients with risk factors for atherosclerosis (e.g., hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus) often show endothelial dysfunction at early stages of atherosclerosis before cardiovascular complications develop. Clinical studies and basic researches are revealing that calcium antagonists(More)
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