Hidenobu Kamohara

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Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) are thought to be terminally differentiated, short-lived, and unable to actively synthesize new proteins or to interact with T cells. In the current study, it was found that PMNLs incubated with supernatants of phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PHA-sup) expressed high levels of CCR6(More)
Although integrins are crucial for migration of leukocytes through endothelium, integrin-independent mechanisms appear to take over and mediate the migration of leukocytes through extracellular matrix (ECM) in a three-dimensional tissue microenvironment. Discoidin domain receptor (DDR) 1 is a receptor tyrosine kinase activated by collagen, the most abundant(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is suggested to play multiple roles in immune and pathologic responses in tuberculosis. In this study, we have developed a system for the expression of recombinant guinea pig TNF-alpha (rgpTNF-alpha). Using rgpTNF-alpha along with neutralizing anti-rgpTNF-alpha antiserum, we tested the effect of modulating the levels(More)
Culture supernatants of phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PHA-sup) induced monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA expression in human neutrophils. MCP-1 mRNA was first detected by Northern analysis at 8 h, and the peak level was detected at 16 h and sustained until 72 h. Cycloheximide and genistein, but(More)
We previously reported delayed expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in human neutrophils cultured with a cytokine-rich crude supernatant of phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PHA-sup). Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) contained in the PHA-sup played a key role in this event, but there appeared to(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that type I collagen, a major component of the extracellular matrix, could influence the differentiation and function of leukocytes; however, it is not clear whether those effects of collagen were based on its interaction with the classic collagen receptors, alpha1beta1 and alpha2beta1 integrins. We recently detected(More)
Discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1) is a receptor tyrosine kinase activated by collagen. DDR1 is constitutively expressed in a variety of normal and transformed epithelial cells and plays a role in cell migration and differentiation through as yet unidentified signaling pathways. We previously reported inducible expression of DDR1 in human leukocytes and(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) are the most abundant leukocytes, comprising about two-thirds of peripheral blood leukocytes, and play major roles in innate immunity. In addition, PMN play critical roles in the development of adaptive immunity. Recently, defensins and other peptides pre-stored in PMN granules were shown to attract monocytes, dendritic(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the TNF superfamily, which is capable of inducing apoptosis in many cell types, including tumour and virus-infected cells, but rarely in normal cells. Expression of TRAIL mRNA and TRAIL receptors has previously been detected in neutrophils; however, the expression of TRAIL(More)
Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) can be identified among epithelial cells in systemic mucosal tissues. Although intestinal IELs play a crucial role in mucosal immunity, their bronchial counterparts have not been well studied. The purpose of this study was to determine the immunological functions of human bronchial IELs, which interact directly with(More)