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We developed a simple, rapid method for demonstrating bacterial flagella with Ryu staining solution that gave satisfactory results for numerous motile and nonmotile bacteria. Two major advantages of this method are that the staining solution, ready for use, is stable at ambient temperature indefinitely and that microscopic examination of bacteria in the(More)
A new selective agar medium (CKNA), containing cetrimide 0.3 g/l, kanamycin sulfate 50 mg/l, and nalidixic acid 5 mg/l, was developed for the isolation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It was compared to Nalidixic Acid Cetrimide agar (NAC), Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Selective Agar (PASA) and Pseudosel(TM) agar (CET) using 1,148 clinical specimens. The sensitivities(More)
Mannitol lysine crystal violet brilliant green agar (MLCB) is widely used in Japan for Salmonella isolation because the medium has been commercially available. Colonies of Salmonella on MLCB appear colorless with black centers due to H2S gas production; however, most Citrobacter freundii also produce H2S gas. In order to distinguish H2S-positive Salmonella(More)
The test for hippurate hydrolysis is critical for separation of Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli strains. Glycine and benzoic acid are formed when hippurate is hydrolyzed by C. jejuni. The test used in most laboratories is one of several variations of the ninhydrin tube test described by Hwang and Ederer (M. Hwang and G. M. Ederer, J. Clin. Microbiol.(More)
Compact Dry E. coli/Coliform Count (EC) is a ready-to-use test method for the enumeration of Escherichia coli and coliform bacteria in food. The plates are presterilized and contain culture medium and a cold water-soluble gelling agent. The medium should be rehydrated with 1 mL diluted sample inoculated onto the center of the self-diffusible medium,(More)
We studied injury of Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells in 11 food items during freeze storage and methods of isolating freeze-injured E. coli O157:H7 cells from foods. Food samples inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 were stored for 16 weeks at -20 degrees C in a freezer. Noninjured and injured cells were counted by using tryptic soy agar and sorbitol MacConkey(More)
The oligomerization of L-lysine esters with a free α-amino group was done using trypsin as a catalyst in aqueous media, and some reaction parameters were examined. The pH-dependence of the reaction suggested that aminolysis by the substrate species having non-protonated α- and ɛ-amino groups was a dominant factor governing the reaction progress. At the(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the most-probable-number dilution plate (MPN plate) method developed for the enumeration of Escherichia coil in water samples. Sterilized water was inoculated with E. coli ATCC 11775 to give between 2-1600 MPN/100 ml. The MPN was determined for both the MPN plate and 5-tube methods from the MPN table. The average of(More)
A sensitive method for the determination of p-tyramine was developed using gas chromatography-chemical ionization mass spectrometry. This method was combined with a stable isotope tracer technique to study p-tyramine metabolism in humans. [2H]5-Phenylalanine was administered orally to men (5 mg/kg) as a tracer and the amounts of [2H]4-p-tyramine excreted(More)
AIM A new medium, EC-Blue-10, containing chromogenic and fluorogenic substrates, KNO(3) and sodium pyruvate has been developed for the rapid simultaneous detection and enumeration of total coliforms and Escherichia coli in water. METHODS AND RESULTS Two evaluations of EC-Blue-10 were carried out. Firstly, EC-Blue-10 was compared with Colilert-MPN for 96(More)