Hideki Yamauchi

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Our present study shows that transient changes in relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) induced by stimulation with bicuculline under six different conditions of anesthesia can be detected with high spatial resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Bicuculline was administered at a low dose to induce neural activation, and no seizure activity(More)
Axon reflex mechanisms may be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, but there has been no direct evidence that endogenous tachykinins cause bronchoconstriction in asthmatic subjects. We have studied the effect of a tachykinin receptor antagonist (FK-224) on bronchoconstriction induced by inhalation of bradykinin in asthmatic patients. In a double-blind,(More)
We examined the effects of prolonged voluntary wheel-running on skeletal muscle functional and/or structural characteristics in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (5 weeks old) were divided into five groups: (1) 15W-SC, sedentary controls housed in normal plastic cages until age 15 weeks; (2) 15W-VE, housed in a voluntary-exercise (running-wheel) device(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on blood leptin concentrations and expression of leptin receptor subtype-b (Ob-Rb) mRNA in the arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus (ARC). Male Wistar rats (26 weeks old) underwent regular wheel exercise for 12 weeks. The expression of Ob-Rb mRNA in the ARC decreased at the end of the study(More)
We studied the fiber types and contractile properties of the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus (SOL) muscles from young adult mice, rats and guinea pigs, and the correlation between these two parameters. Individual fibers in both muscles were classified as fast-twitch glycolytic (FG), fast-twitch oxidative glycolytic (FOG) or slow-twitch oxidative(More)
We previously demonstrated the presence of activated areas in the non-injured contralateral sensorimotor cortex in addition to the ipsilateral sensorimotor cortex of the area surrounding a brain infarction, using a rat model of focal photochemically induced thrombosis (PIT) and functional magnetic resonance imaging. Using this model, we next applied gene(More)
Habitual exercise and dietary restriction are commonly recommended to prevent or ameliorate obesity and lifestyle-related diseases, including fatty liver. This study investigated the effects of habitual exercise and dietary restriction on hepatic triglyceride (TG) levels, serum leptin levels, and histological adipocyte size in periepididymal adipose tissue(More)