Hideki Ushio

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Rice bran contains important bioactive phytochemicals. Among these phytochemicals, steryl ferulates including γ-oryzanol and its major components such as cycloartenyl ferulate (CAF), 24-methylenecycloartanyl ferulate (24-mCAF), β-sitosteryl ferulate (β-SF), and campesteryl ferulate have been intensively studied due to their crucial roles in pathological(More)
NF-kappaB family of transcription factors are involved in numerous cellular processes, including differentiation, proliferation, and inflammation. It was reported that hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives (HADs) are inhibitors of NF-kappaB activation. Rice bran oil contains a lot of phytosteryl ferulates, one of HADs. We have investigated effects of phytosteryl(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We have recently reported that phytosteryl ferulates isolated from rice bran inhibit nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity in macrophages. In the present study, we investigated the effect of gamma-oryzanol (gamma-ORZ), a mixture of phytosteryl ferulates, cycloartenyl ferulate (CAF), one of the components of gamma-ORZ, and ferulic(More)
Some of the pharmacological properties of phytosteryl ferulates may be linked to their antioxidant potential. In this study, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), electron spin resonance (ESR), and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) assays demonstrated that phytosteryl ferulates such as cycloartenyl ferulate (CAF), 24-methylenecycloartanyl(More)
γ-Oryzanol (γ-ORZ) is a mixture of phytosteryl ferulates purified from rice bran oil. In this study, we examined whether γ-ORZ represents a suppressive effect on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced adhesion molecule expression on vascular endothelium. Treatment with LPS elevated the mRNA expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1),(More)
A novel fluorescent probe 3-perylene diphenylphosphine (3-PeDPP) was synthesized for the direct analysis of lipid hydroperoxides. The structure of 3-PeDPP was identified by the spectroscopic data, FAB-MS, (1)H NMR, and (13)C NMR. The reactivities of 3-PeDPP with lipid hydroperoxides were investigated in chloroform/MeOH homogeneous solutions and PC liposome(More)
Gene expression in the muscle of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss fed either ad libitum once a week (RF, restricted feed group) or ad libitum twice per day (control) was compared to identify those genes differently regulated during restricted feeding. After 1 month, the increase in the size of the RF fish was significantly less than that of the control(More)
The antioxidative property of a hydrophilic extract prepared from the fruiting body of edible mushroom ( Flammulina velutipes) was evaluated. The mushroom extract contained ergothioneine (ERT) at a level of 3.03 +/- 0.07 mg/mL, showed higher 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, and suppressed lipid oxidation of bigeye tuna meat(More)
Although energy metabolism in mammals is critically regulated by adipokines from adipocytes, it is unclear whether this is the case in fish as well. In this study, over 30,000 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were obtained from adipose tissue in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss peritoneal cavity and searched for genes possibly related to lipid metabolism.(More)
The antimelanosic and antioxidative properties of a hot water extract prepared from the fruiting body of the edible mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) were evaluated by dietary supplementation in Kuruma shrimp (Marsupenaeus japonicus) for possible aquaculture application. The extract contained ergothioneine (ERT) at a level of 2.05 mg/mL. A commercial standard(More)