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Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that harbors epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations initially respond to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) but eventually experience relapse. Acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs is strongly associated with patient mortality. Thus, elucidation of the mechanism of acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs is(More)
Recent advances in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with new agents require accurate histological subtyping at diagnosis to avoid the higher risk of an adverse response and to obtain the maximum therapeutic response. However, interobserver variability, tumor heterogeneity and the degree of differentiation may affect the decision(More)
Epigenetic gene regulation plays essential roles in differentiation of embryonic and tissue stem cells. In these benign undifferentiated cells, some polycomb targeted genes are kept in a state of DNA hypomethylation and they have a distinct chromatin signature termed bivalent chromatin structure to maintain their plasticity. We hypothesized that cancer stem(More)
OBJECTIVES We previously reported low expression of miR-375 in squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) and high expression in adenocarcinoma (AC) of the lung. miR-375's target genes and its function in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not been elucidated. Therefore, the present study was designed to identify the targets of miR-375 and to characterize its(More)
PURPOSE Bronchoscopic microsampling (BMS) is a novel and direct method with which to obtain epithelial lining fluid (ELF) from the lungs. Analysis of DNA hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) is expected to be a sensitive tool for the early detection of lung cancer. It has been reported that the existence of EGFR mutations and EML4-ALK gene(More)
OBJECTIVES Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 9 is a member of the FGF family, which modulates cell proliferation, differentiation, and motility. Recent studies show that the activation of FGF signals including FGF9 is associated with the pathogenesis of several cancers; however, its clinicopathological and biological significance in non-small cell lung cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Several sensitive assays, including the PCR-invader method (structure-specific 5' nuclease-based method), have been used to detect EGFR mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, validation has not been reported. We assessed the detection rate of EGFR mutation by the PCR-invader method and direct sequencing using same clinical(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) show antitumor activity in a subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, the initial tumor response is followed by recurrence. Several studies have suggested the importance of other receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) and downstream kinases as potential targets in the(More)
We identified transmembrane protease, serine 4 (TMPRSS4) as a putative, druggable target by screening surgically resected samples from 90 Japanese non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients using cDNA microarray. TMPRSS4 has two druggable domains and was upregulated in 94.5% of the lung cancer specimens. Interestingly, we found that TMPRSS4 expression was(More)
BACKGROUND Triple combination therapy involving long-acting muscarinic antagonists long-acting β2 agonists, and inhaled corticosteroids has recently become an option for maintenance treatment of COPD. Some add-on clinical trials have reported the benefits of these combinations. However, the process to step up to triple therapy varies for individual cases.(More)