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Five cDNA clones, harboring genetic messages preferentially expressed during the sexual differentiation process, were isolated from a cDNA library of Schizosaccharomyces pombe by subtractive screening. Transcription of the corresponding genes, termed isp3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, was dependent on nitrogen starvation and their induction occurred at several stages of(More)
BACKGROUND 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is released into the intestinal lumen during the fasting state. However, the relationship between the intraduodenal 5-HT and the interdigestive cyclic motor activity in conscious dogs is unclear. AIM To correlate intraduodenal 5-HT concentrations with the interdigestive gastroduodenal migrating motor complex (MMC). (More)
OBJECTIVES There is no clear evidence that dietary proteins aggravate Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to clarify the antibody response to dietary proteins in CD. METHODS Antibody to porcine pancreatic amylase (PPA) a protease-resistant dietary protein (anti-PPA), was examined in CD patients (N = 104), ulcerative colitis (UC) patients (N = 85), and healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE The relative utility of various preoperative diagnostic imaging modalities, including PET (utilizing FDG and FMT), CT, and MR imaging, for evaluation of lipoma and liposarcoma, especially well-differentiated liposarcoma, was investigated. METHODS Imaging findings in 32 patients with histopathologically documented lipoma, including one with(More)
The efficacy of high-load, short-duration isometric contractions, delivered as one vs. two sessions per day, on blunting inactivity-induced adaptations in the medial gastrocnemius (MG) were compared. Adult rats were assigned to a control (Con) or spinal cord-isolated (SI) group where one limb was stimulated (SI-Stim) while the other served as a SI control(More)
Elemental diet (ED) has been used as an enteral nutritional therapy for Crohn’s disease. However, the precise mechanisms of ED remain unclear. In interleukin-10 (IL-10)-deficient cell-transferred mice, we investigated the change of intestinal microbiota with ED using molecular terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis and culture(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of oxygen free radicals on myofibrillar creatine kinase activity. Isolated rat heart myofibrils were incubated with xanthine+xanthine oxidase (a superoxide anion radical-generating system) or hydrogen peroxide and assayed for creatine kinase activity. To clarify the involvement of changes in sulfhydryl(More)
UNLABELLED Beta-catenin is a component of the Wingless/Wnt signaling pathway and can activate target genes associated with proliferation and invasion, linking with the APC gene. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether nuclear expression of beta-catenin in cells at the invasive front or in the vessels was associated with liver metastasis in(More)
Recently, overexpression of EphA2, a member of the Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases, has been reported in several cancers. Reduced expression of E-cadherin, an intercellular adhesion molecule of epithelial cells, has been reported to be associated with aggressive clinicopathological phenotypes in various cancers. In epithelial cells, EphA2 and(More)
Glucagon is commonly used during gastrointestinal examinations for the temporary inhibition of gastroduodenal movements. Three preparations of glucagon are now clinically available: those prepared by extraction from the pancreas (GL-P), by chemical synthesis (GL-S), and by genetic recombination (GL-G). The aim of this study was examine the mechanism of the(More)