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BACKGROUND Clinical trials comparing laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) versus traditional open gastrectomy (OG) have been planned, their surgical outcomes reported but their oncologic outcomes are still pending. Consequently, we have conducted this large-scale historical cohort study to provide relevant information rapidly to guide our current practice. (More)
Two infants, aged 36 days old (Case 1) and 18 days old (Case 2) with interrupted aortic arch types B and A, respectively, and with severe aortic stenosis, were successfully operated on by use of pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass. The great arteries were normally related in Case 1 and were transposed in Case 2. Repair involved the following procedure:(More)
We analyzed the transient response of oxygen consumption (VO2) after the sudden termination of exercise. The study population consisted of 20 male athletes (age 13 to 15.9 years) and 87 male patients, 59 of whom (age 4.8 to 17.8 years) were considered to be normal subjects, and 28 of whom (age 6 to 14.8 years) had restricted physical activity because of(More)
Between June 1984 and September 1987, 48 patients underwent Lecompte's modification of the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries, including transposition with intact ventricular septum with preparatory pulmonary artery banding (n = 18), with patent ductus arteriosus (n = 11), with dynamic left ventricular outflow tract(More)
Forty patients with complete atrioventricular canal (CAVC) underwent primary repair at Fukuoka Children's Hospital in Fukuoka, Japan, between August 1, 1981 and July 31, 1989. The age at repair ranged from 2 months to 6 years (mean 19 months); weight ranged from 2.3 to 22 kg. The surgical mortality was 2.5%. Justification for early primary repair was(More)
Right and left heart catheterizations and biplane cineangiographies were performed on 115 post-MCLS cases to study the left ventricular performance and compliance, and the following conclusions were obtained: 1) The left ventricular performance of the post-MCLS cases with macroscopic cardiac lesions such as coronary aneurysms and stenosis declined compared(More)
We have reported that the plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) level is significantly increased by exercise in healthy athletes and that it is elevated in the circulation of the non-working leg but not the working leg, suggesting that ET-1 plays an important role in redistribution of blood during exercise. This study was designed to compare alterations of(More)
Our studies recently conducted on the correlation between pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure in 467 cases, identified an extremely high correlation between the two. The correlation coefficient between pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure (PAdp) and pulmonary to systemic resistance ratio (Rp/Rs) was 0.799 and that(More)
To investigate the regulation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) production, cardiac catheterization was performed in young patients with congenital heart disease (27 +/- 5 months old, mean +/- SEM), and plasma levels of ET-1 in the inferior vena cava were measured by a sandwich-enzyme immunoassay. Plasma ET-1 levels of age-matched healthy controls were 1.55 +/- 0.07(More)