beta-beta'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN)-induced monoamine and hydroxyl radical changes in the rat brains were studied. IDPN caused decreases in 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels in all brain regions, strongly indicating that IDPN's neurotoxicity primarily affects 5-HT containing neurons. Dopamine and its metabolites' levels decreased in the some regions, most likely… (More)
Osteoporosis is an adverse effect of prednisolone therapy, although no study has been conducted on myasthenia gravis patients receiving high-dose prednisolone. We measured bone density in 36 patients (26 females and 10 males) who had undergone long-term prednisolone administration, and found a decrease in bone density in 31% of female patients and… (More)
Extended thymectomy and high-dose alternate-day prednisolone administration may increase the chance of remission in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. In cases of remission, ocular symptoms sometimes reappear after a gradual decrease or discontinuation of prednisolone administration. We compared relapsed patients with those who experienced complete remission.… (More)
We describe a rare case of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 initially presenting as Addison disease and autoimmune thyroid disease, with subsequent development of autoimmune hepatitis and myasthenia gravis (MG) crisis in a Japanese woman. MG improved with oral prednisolone followed by plasmapheresis for immunoadsorption; thymectomy was not… (More)
A 34-year-old man presented with gait disturbance. He had a low grade fever and diarrhea for a few days prior to admission. Two weeks after he started to have diarrhea, he developed gait disturbance with a left foot drop. The cerebrospinal fluid obtained on admission showed pleocytosis (30/microl) and increased protein. The motor nerve conduction velocities… (More)
Convulsion in diabetics is often considered as a result from fluctuation of blood glucose level. However, if a diabetic patient also presents abnormal neurological signs, mitochondrial diseases need to be considered in the differential diagnosis.
To examine the impact of the plasma homocysteine level on the anti-atherosclerotic effects of pitavastatin treatment, we retrospectively examined 59 patients who had a history of stroke and had been prescribed pitavastatin for the treatment of dyslipidemia at the Neurology department of Toho University Ohashi Medical Center Hospital. The patients were… (More)