Hideki Shimodaira

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The functional characterization of nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms in human mismatch repair (MMR) genes has been critical to evaluate their pathogenicity for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. We previously established an assay for detecting loss-of-function mutations in the MLH1 gene using a dominant mutator effect of human MLH1(More)
PURPOSE This phase III study compared treatment with weekly paclitaxel and biweekly irinotecan in patients with advanced gastric cancer refractory to treatment with fluoropyrimidine plus platinum. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to receive either paclitaxel (80 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15, every 4 weeks) or irinotecan (150 mg/m(2) on(More)
Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC; OMIM 120435-6) is a cancer-susceptibility syndrome linked to inherited defects in human mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Germline missense human MLH1 (hMLH1) mutations are frequently detected in HNPCC (ref. 3), making functional characterization of mutations in hMLH1 critical to the development of genetic(More)
We have screened the p53 status of 156 human cell lines, including 142 tumor cell lines from 27 different tumor types and 14 cell lines from normal tissues by using functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast. This assay enables us to score wild-type p53 expression on the basis of the ability of expressed p53 to transactivate the reporter gene HIS3(More)
Mismatch repair (MMR) proteins contribute to genome integrity by correcting replication errors. In higher eukaryotes, MMR proteins also regulate the cellular response to DNA lesions such as oxidized, alkylated, or crosslinked bases. Previous studies have linked MMR proteins to the activation of apoptosis through p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms.(More)
Definitive chemoradiation with cisplatin (CDDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5FU) has been playing an important role in the treatment of esophageal cancer, but some patients are not curable or have recurrent lesions. However, few chemotherapeutic regimens are available for such patients. Docetaxel and nedaplatin are active for esophageal cancer. We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND The requirement of central venous (CV) port implantation is increasing with the increase in the number of cancer patients and advancement in chemotherapy. In our division, medical oncologists have implanted all CV ports to save time and consultation costs to other departments. Recently, upper arm implantation has become the first choice as a safe(More)
Mismatch repair (MMR) corrects replication errors during DNA synthesis. The mammalian MMR proteins also activate cell cycle checkpoints and apoptosis in response to persistent DNA damage. MMR-deficient cells are resistant to cisplatin, a DNA cross-linking agent used in chemotherapy, because of impaired activation of apoptotic pathways. It is shown that(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy of a new chemotherapeutic combination consisting of Cis-diammineglycolatoplatinum (Nedaplatin), a derivative of cisplatin (CDDP), and 5-fluorouracil (5FU) was evaluated in patients with advanced esophageal carcinomas. METHODS Nedaplatin was administered at a dose of 80 or 100 mg/m2 with 500 ml of saline by slow drip infusion for 120(More)
BACKGROUND Both irinotecan (CPT-11) and S-1 are active against colorectal cancer; however, as S-1 is a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), 5-FU and its metabolites might inhibit the antitumour effect of CPT-11. Therefore, we designed a sequential combination, in which CPT-11 infusion was given on day 1 and S-1 was given orally at 80 mg m(-2) per day on days(More)