Hideki Okazawa

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Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a potent transcription coactivator acting via binding to the TEAD transcription factor, and plays a critical role in organ size regulation. YAP is phosphorylated and inhibited by the Lats kinase, a key component of the Hippo tumor suppressor pathway. Elevated YAP protein levels and gene amplification have been implicated in(More)
Signal regulatory protein (SIRP)alpha, also known as SHPS-1 or SIRPA, is a transmembrane protein that binds to the protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 through its cytoplasmic region and is predominantly expressed in neurons, dendritic cells and macrophages. CD47, a widely expressed transmembrane protein, is a ligand for SIRPalpha, with the two(More)
Previous studies using transfected cells have indicated that the mammalian receptor tyrosine kinase trkB binds the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 and neurotrophin-4. However, most studies demonstrating that these neurotrophins prevent the death of embryonic neurons and have specific neuronal receptors have been performed(More)
The development of axons and dendrites is controlled by small GTP-binding proteins of the Rho family, but the upstream signaling mechanisms responsible for such regulation remain unclear. We have now investigated the role of the transmembrane protein cluster of differentiation 47 (CD47) in this process with hippocampal neurons. CD47-deficient neurons(More)
Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP) substrate-1 (SHPS-1) is a transmembrane protein that is expressed predominantly in macrophages. Its extracellular region interacts with the transmembrane ligand CD47 expressed on the surface of adjacent cells, and its cytoplasmic region binds the protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and(More)
Lipoatrophic diabetes is a rare disease characterized by generalized lipodystrophy, severe insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, hepatomegaly, and a lack of ketoacidosis (1). In this disease, a high incidence of parental consanguinity or family antecedents with diabetes has been reported (2,3), therefore several candidate genes that might contribute to the(More)
SHP-2 is a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) that contains two Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. Although PTPs are generally considered to be negative regulators on the basis of their ability to oppose the effects of protein tyrosine kinases, SHP-2 is unusual in that it promotes the activation of the Ras-MAPK signaling pathway by receptors for(More)
Insulin induces the translocation of vesicles containing the glucose transporter GLUT4 from an intracellular compartment to the plasma membrane in adipocytes. SNARE proteins have been implicated in the docking and fusion of these vesicles with the cell membrane. The role of Munc18c, previously identified as an n-Sec1/Munc18 homolog in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, in(More)
Both syntaxin4 and VAMP2 are implicated in insulin regulation of glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) trafficking in adipocytes as target (t) soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNARE) and vesicle (v)-SNARE proteins, respectively, which mediate fusion of GLUT4-containing vesicles with the plasma membrane. Synaptosome-associated(More)
Zhiping P. Pang,1* Ok-Ho Shin,1* Alexander C. Meyer,4* Christian Rosenmund,4,5 and Thomas C. Südhof1,2,3 1Center for Basic Neuroscience, 2Department of Molecular Genetics, and 3Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, 4Department of Membrane Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical(More)