Hideki Nakatsukasa

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Recent studies have revealed that pregnane X receptor (PXR) can function as a master regulator to control the expression of phase I and phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes, as well as members of the drug transporter family, including multiple drug resistance (MDR) 1, which has a major role in multidrug resistance. Previously, we have demonstrated that(More)
The cellular distribution and temporal expression of transcripts from transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) and procollagen alpha 1(I), alpha 1(III), and alpha 1(IV) genes were studied in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced rat liver fibrosis by using in situ hybridization technique. During the fibrotic process, TGF-beta 1 and procollagen genes(More)
The Solt-Farber protocol, in the absence of an initiating agent, was used to examine the precursor-product relationship between oval cells and hepatocytes in rat liver. The animals were administered 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF) by gavage for 2 wk combined with partial hepatectomy 1 wk after administering AAF Two dose levels of AAF were used: 9- and 21-mg(More)
The temporal and cellular distribution of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 and procollagen alpha 1(I) transcripts were examined during regeneration and early fibrosis of rat liver using in situ hybridization and Northern blot analyses. Surgical two-thirds partial hepatectomy (mechanical partial hepatectomy (PH)) and carbon tetrachloride(More)
The cellular distribution of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1, and TIMP-2 was studied by using in situ hybridization in surgically removed human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and cholangiocellular carcinomas (CCCs). The purpose of this study was to characterize the protein involvement of TIMPs in the development of HCCs and CCCs. All HCCs(More)
Recent studies have revealed that pregnane X receptor (PXR) can function as a master regulator to control the expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes, cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) family, and members of the drug transporter family, including multiple drug resistance 1 (MDR1). We demonstrated previously that steroid/xenobiotic metabolism by tumor tissue(More)
We analyzed expression of multidrug resistance (mdr) genes in rat liver during regeneration after partial hepatectomy or carbon tetrachloride-induced necrosis. In situ hybridization revealed that in the normal liver the cellular distribution of mdr transcripts and protein is restricted to hepatocytes and that a gradient, highest in zone 1 and lowest in zone(More)
The early cellular and molecular changes in the Solt-Farber model of hepatocarcinogenesis with and without initiation was studied by using histochemical, immunohistochemical, and in situ hybridization techniques. Increased cellularity was observed in the periductal space in both models 32 to 56 h after partial hepatectomy. These periductal cells and Ito(More)
BACKGROUND The matrix-degrading proteinases are believed to play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but no one has ever seen the in situ matrix-degrading activity in HCCs. PURPOSE To demonstrate the cellular localization of actual gelatinolytic activity and to investigate the invasive potential of human(More)
Both the level of expression and cellular distribution of transcripts for transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) were studied in adult rat liver after partial hepatectomy and during hepatic differentiation in fetal, neonatal, and adult livers by northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. A marked increase in the expression of TGF-alpha was(More)