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The cellular distribution and temporal expression of transcripts from transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) and procollagen alpha 1(I), alpha 1(III), and alpha 1(IV) genes were studied in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced rat liver fibrosis by using in situ hybridization technique. During the fibrotic process, TGF-beta 1 and procollagen genes(More)
The Solt-Farber protocol, in the absence of an initiating agent, was used to examine the precursor-product relationship between oval cells and hepatocytes in rat liver. The animals were administered 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF) by gavage for 2 wk combined with partial hepatectomy 1 wk after administering AAF Two dose levels of AAF were used: 9- and 21-mg(More)
The early cellular and molecular changes in the Solt-Farber model of hepatocarcinogenesis with and without initiation was studied by using histochemical, immunohistochemical, and in situ hybridization techniques. Increased cellularity was observed in the periductal space in both models 32 to 56 h after partial hepatectomy. These periductal cells and Ito(More)
The temporal and cellular distribution of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 and procollagen alpha 1(I) transcripts were examined during regeneration and early fibrosis of rat liver using in situ hybridization and Northern blot analyses. Surgical two-thirds partial hepatectomy (mechanical partial hepatectomy (PH)) and carbon tetrachloride(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is a risk factor for pre-eclampsia, and adiponectin is an important adipocyte-derived hormone that might protect the endothelium. Recent reports have underlined importance of circulating angiogenic factors for pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia. Here we examined whether adiponectin in conjunction with angiogenic factors plays some roles in(More)
CONTEXT Recent reports have demonstrated that soluble endoglin (sEng), an antiangiogenic protein thought to impair TGF-beta binding to receptors, and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sVEGFR)-1 play important roles in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia (PE). Moreover, insulin resistance, which is greatly influenced by adipocytokines,(More)
Proliferation of a new population of epithelial cells with distinct structure, as well as cytokeratin and alpha-fetoprotein expression, was observed in nonneoplastic liver tissues from 14 cases (13 hepatitis B virus-positive) of human hepatocellular carcinoma. These cells were characterized by oval nuclei; scant, pale cytoplasm; small cell size; and(More)
Significant elevation of glutamic acid and glutamine concentrations in CSF was observed in hepatic encephalopathic patients with fulminant hepatitis and liver cirrhosis. However, the ratios of CSF glutamic acid to CSF glutamine levels and of CSF to serum glutamic acid and glutamine levels were significantly higher only in cirrhotic patients with hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of hepatic functional reserve is important in hepatic resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R) analysis in the preoperative estimation of remnant liver function in liver surgery. METHODS One hundred and one patients undergoing hepatic resection for liver tumours were(More)
To investigate the contribution of apoptosis, a major mechanism of cell death, in the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma, we analyzed both apoptosis and cell proliferation in human hepatocellular carcinoma. We used the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling method and proliferative cell nuclear antigen staining,(More)