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Synaptosomal associated protein of 23 kDa (SNAP-23), a plasma membrane-localized soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE), has been implicated in phagocytosis by macrophages. For elucidation of its precise role in this process, a macrophage line overexpressing monomeric Venus-tagged SNAP-23 was established. These cells(More)
BACKGROUND Local skin flaps often present with flap necrosis caused by critical disruption of the blood supply. Although animal studies demonstrate enhanced angiogenesis in ischemic tissue, no strategy for clinical application of this phenomenon has yet been defined. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) plays a pivotal role in ischemic vascular responses, and(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains two SNAP25 paralogues, Sec9 and Spo20, which mediate vesicle fusion at the plasma membrane and the prospore membrane, respectively. Fusion at the prospore membrane is sensitive to perturbation of the central ionic layer of the SNARE complex. Mutation of the central glutamine of the t-SNARE Sso1 impaired sporulation, but(More)
This retrospective study examined the validity of the commonly used serum albumin level as an indicator of nutrition status of patients with pressure ulcer(s), particularly because the serum albumin level is affected by various factors and may not be specific to malnutrition. Specifically, we investigated whether nutrition supply or inflammation affects the(More)
BACKGROUND The local skin flap procedure is very useful for reconstruction. However, flap necrosis caused by circulatory failure can occur at its distal portion. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in endothelial cells (ECs) help to maintain ECs and promote vascularization, and HIF-2α is abundantly expressed in ECs. However, the mechanisms of action of HIF-2α(More)
Skin grafting has become a basic and established operation technique; however, it is not clear how skin grafts adapt to recipient beds and replace their functions. In this study, we analyzed the origin of cells in adapted transplants by using green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic mice, which emits green fluorescence in the whole body. The dorsal skins(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrence and complication rates of pressure sores are highest in the ischial region, and other donor sites are needed for recurrent pressure sores. The potential of a new freestyle pedicle flap for ischial lesions, an internal pudendal artery perforator (iPap) thigh flap, was examined through anatomical and theoretical analyses and a case(More)
BACKGROUND Although the utility of flaps for the treatment of sternal wound infections following median sternotomy has been reported for 30 years, there have been few reports on the risk factors for complications after reconstruction. The objective of this investigation was to identify factors related to complications after the reconstruction of sternal(More)
BACKGROUND Cutaneous malignant melanoma has a poor prognosis. The detrimental effect of incisional biopsies on the outcome of malignant melanoma has been debated. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the presence and type of biopsy on the prognosis of malignant melanoma. METHODS The medical records of 109 malignant melanoma patients(More)
BACKGROUND When a tumor in the lateral eyebrow region is resected, reconstruction of the eyebrow and upper eyelid defects is necessary. We perform simultaneous reconstruction of such defects; sideburn hair is included on an extended lateral orbital flap. We describe our method and results of a retrospective evaluation. METHODS We treated 6 patients with(More)