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Activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascade signaling by yeast mating pheromones involves recruitment of the Ste5 scaffold protein to the plasma membrane by the receptor-activated Gbetagamma dimer. Here, we identify a putative amphipathic alpha-helical domain in Ste5 that binds directly to phospholipid membranes and is required for membrane(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the developmentally regulated Soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) protein Spo20p mediates the fusion of vesicles with the prospore membrane, which is required for the formation of spores. Spo20p is subject to both positive and negative regulation by separate sequences in its(More)
Spore formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires the de novo formation of prospore membranes. The coalescence of secretory vesicles into a membrane sheet occurs on the cytoplasmic surface of the spindle pole body. Spo14p, the major yeast phospholipase D, is necessary for prospore membrane formation; however, the specific function of Spo14p in this(More)
The Rab family small G proteins regulate discrete steps in vesicular transport pathways. Recent studies indicate that one member of the Rab family, Rab27A, regulates the transport of lysosome-related organelles, such as melanosome distribution in melanocytes, lytic granule release in cytotoxic T cells, and dense granule release in platelets. Here, we have(More)
Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare soft tissue tumor that typically occurs in the distal extremities of children and adolescents. Because a calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is an ill-defined mass and has a tendency to infiltrate the surrounding tissue, local recurrence rates are 50%. We report a case of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma occurring in the(More)
Synaptosomal associated protein of 23 kDa (SNAP-23), a plasma membrane-localized soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE), has been implicated in phagocytosis by macrophages. For elucidation of its precise role in this process, a macrophage line overexpressing monomeric Venus-tagged SNAP-23 was established. These cells(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Nuclear translocation and DNA binding of NF-kappaB is essential, as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) stimulates the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression in hepatocytes. However, recent evidence indicates that the activation of NF-kappaB is not sufficient to induce the NF-kappaB-dependent transcription, and the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Pirfenidone has antiinflammatory effects in animals with endotoxemia. We reported that pirfenidone inhibits the enhancement of inflammatory cytokines and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in liver of endotoxin-treated rats, leading to the prevention of hepatic injury. However, the mechanisms involved in suppression of these gene(More)
The biological effects of far-infrared ray (FIR) on whole organisms remain poorly understood. The aim of our study was to investigate not only the hyperthermic effect of the FIR irradiation, but also the biological effects of FIR on wound healing. To evaluate the effect of FIR on a skin wound site, the speed of full-thickness skin wound healing was compared(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta stimulates inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression in hepatocytes via activation of a transcription factor, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Nitric oxide has diverse cytoprotective and toxic effects. Cycloprodigiosin is an anticancer drug that induces apoptosis through NF-kappaB-dependent(More)