Hideki Moritoki

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Verapamil (3 X 10(-6)-3 X 10(-5) M) enhanced the twitch contractions of the epididymal and prostatic portions of vas deferens stimulated at 0.1 Hz. This verapamil effect was essentially similar to those of diltiazem, D-600 and Bay K 8644. However, when stimulation at 2 Hz was used verapamil (3 X 10(-5) M) attenuated the contractions of the epididymal(More)
The tripeptides SD-34 and SD-25 induced atropine-, guanethidine-, antihistaminics-resistant but naloxone-sensitive contractions of isolated rat distal colon. They appeared to act on an opioid receptor, probably of the mu subtype, distinct from those for methionine enkephalin and morphine, because the pA2 values of naloxone for the peptides were similar to(More)
1. Endothelin-3 (ET-3) at concentrations below those which caused contraction (30 nM) elicited endothelium-dependent relaxation followed by rebound contraction in rat isolated thoracic aorta. 2. Endothelin-1 also relaxed the rat aorta with a similar potency. 3. The nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro L-arginine, the radical scavenger, haemoglobin(More)
We investigated which of the major actions of local anesthetics (i.e., inhibition of phospholipase A2, interaction with Ca++ channels or blockade of receptor) was responsible for the inhibition of acetylcholine-induced desensitization in guinea pig ileal longitudinal muscle. Desensitization was inhibited by amine local anesthetics and related compounds in(More)
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors herbimycin A, genistein and erbstatin analog prevented endotoxin (LPS)-promoted initiation of L-arginine (Arg)-induced relaxations and cGMP formation in rat thoracic aorta, which appear to be mediated by nitric oxide synthase expressed by LPS in the vascular smooth muscle. Similarly, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) triggered(More)
To determine whether amrinone and its induced increase of cyclic AMP releases nitric oxide and enhances endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation, we studied nitric oxide production and vascular relaxation of rat thoracic aorta on treatment with amrinone and forskolin, an activator of adenylate cyclase. When 20 microM amrinone was applied to ring segments(More)
Methylxanthines (10(-5) to 10(-3)M) were found to increase the amplitude of contractions of guinea-pig ileum induced by transmural stimulation but to inhibit those induced by acetylcholine or histamine. The order of the abilities of methylxanthines to augment the contractile responses was theobromine greater than caffeine greater than theophylline. When the(More)
We investigated the effect of triptoquinone-A (TQA), an active principal of Triptergium wilfordii, on the induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) promoted by endotoxin (LPS) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta). Prophylactic application of TQA selectively prevented LPS-primed initiation of L-arginine (Arg)-induced relaxation, and cGMP formation of rat(More)
Papaverine, while enhancing the force of contraction of guinea-pig atria, remarkably and dose-dependently enhanced the negative inotropic response of the atria to adenosine. It also enhanced the actions of ATP and other adenine nucleotides, but not those of 2-chloroadenosine and ACh. At similar concentrations, papaverine inhibited the uptake of adenosine by(More)