Hideki Miura

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Alteration of tryptophan (TRP) metabolism elicited by proinflammatory cytokines has gained attention as a new concept to explain the etiological and pathophysiological mechanisms of major depression. The kynurenine (KYN) pathway, which is initiated by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), is the main TRP metabolic pathway. It shares TRP with the serotonin(More)
Aging is a risk factor of human depression. Middle-aged or older men are vulnerable to adverse life events and an absence of social contact and easily become depressed. In the present study, we investigated the influence of aging on responses to life events in socially isolated conditions. We applied isolation-rearing (4 W) to two age groups, older (18 M)(More)
Isolation and acute environmental change are risk factors in human depression. In the present study, we investigated the differences in the brain monoamine activity of rats between two rearing conditions, isolated and group. Moreover, we examined the responses to novelty stress. Male F344 rats aged 11 weeks were divided into the above two groups. Four weeks(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effects of fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, on brain tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) levels. We directly measured levels of BH4 by Tani and Ohno's direct method as well as the serotonin (5-HT) turnover ratio, i.e. 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)/5-HT, after sub-acute s.c. injection of fluvoxamine(More)
The kynurenine (KYN) pathway, which is initiated by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, is the main tryptophan (TRP) metabolic pathway. It shares TRP with the serotonin (5-HT) pathway. We investigated the influence of inescapable-predator (rat) stress on behavior and brain TRP metabolism in mice. Male ICR mice (4W) were exposed to 20-min inescapable-predator(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) is a coenzyme of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), which are rate-limiting enzymes of monoamine biosynthesis. According to the monoamine hypothesis of depression, antidepressants will restore the function of the brain monoaminergic system and the BH(4) concentration. In the present study, we investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray studies of schizophrenic brains revealed decreases in the expression of myelin and oligodendrocyte-related genes. Of these genes, sex-determining region Y-box 10 (SOX10) is a major transcription factor modulating the expression of proteins involved in neurogenesis and myelination. The SOX10 gene is located on chromosome 22q13.1, a(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of methamphetamine use in adolescents at a juvenile classification home. The present subjects were 1362 adolescents (1172 male and 190 female) who had been admitted to the Nagoya Juvenile Classification Home. The participants were divided into two groups, a methamphetamine(More)
The serious and characteristic side effects of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy on the central nervous system, resulting in such problems as affective disorders or parkinsonism, have led us to investigate the biochemical mechanism of the effects of IFN-alpha on the monoaminergic neurotransmitter system using an animal model (rats). We first examined the(More)
The authors investigated the effects of fluvoxamine on neurochemical changes in the hippocampus elicited by isolation housing and novelty stress. Male F344 rats (11 w) were housed one per cage for four weeks. On each day of the last week (7 days) they were s.c. injected with fluvoxamine (20 mg/kg), and then subjected to novelty stress. Isolation housing(More)