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This paper proposes a new neutral point potential control technique for the three-level neutral-point-clamped PWM inverter. Utilizing the phase current polarity information, this technique distributes the redundant voltage vectors in a manner to obtain stable neutral point voltage under all operating conditions including the zero power factor condition.(More)
3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase (IPMDH) from Escherichia coli was overexpressed, purified and crystallized. The enzyme was characterized and compared to its thermophilic counterpart from Thermus thermophilus strain HB8. As in the thermophile enzyme, the activity of E. coli IPMDH was dependent on the divalent cations, Mg2+ or Mn2+, with Mn2+ being the(More)
We cloned and sequenced the leuB gene encoding 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli K-12 (JM103). Errors (33 residues) were found and corrected in the sequence previously reported for the leuB gene of Thermus thermophilus. The three-dimensional structure of the thermophile enzyme and the amino acid sequence comparison suggested that a part(More)
A gene (leuB) coding for 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase [EC 1.1.1.85] from an extreme thermophile, Thermus aquaticus YT-1 was cloned in Escherichia coli and the nucleotide sequence was determined. It contains an open reading frame of 1,035 bp encoding 344 amino acid residues. The homology with that from T. thermophilus HB8 is 87.0% in nucleotide and 91.3%(More)
3-Isopropylmalate dehydrogenase was purified (about 2000-fold) to homogeneity for the first time from an archaebacterium, Sulfolobus sp. strain 7. The enzyme showed an apparent molecular mass of about 110 kDa by gel filtration and a single 36-kDa polypeptide band on SDS-PAGE, suggesting tri- or tetrameric structure. The pI value was 6.9. The N-terminal(More)
SUMMARY A variable phase shifter using a movable waffle iron metal plate comprised of iron rods a quarter-wavelength in length is proposed. A study of the waffle iron structure was carried out and the design method for creating a structure that would achieve large phase changes, small loss, and good isolation between adjacent phase shifters is discussed.(More)
The effect of unusual polyamines, such as thermine, caldopentamine, caldohexamine, tris(3-aminopropyl)amine, or tetrakis(3-aminopropyl)ammonium, on the activities of various restriction endonucleases was investigated by using an Escherichia coli plasmid as a substrate, which contains a high GC content fragment from an extreme thermophile. Restriction(More)
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